Timothy grows best on rich, moist bottomlands and on finer textured soils, such as clay loams. It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses. The effect of timothy growth stage at harvest on fermentation characteristics in round bale silage and voluntary feed intake in dairy cows. Timothy has a distinctive bulrush-shaped seed head, similar but smaller than Phalaris. Timothy is a type of grass hay. Sci., 113 (2/3): 202-208, Randby, A. T. ; Norgaard, P. ; Weisbjerg, M. R., 2010. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/16886 Last updated on October 12, 2015, 14:04, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Timothy (Phleum pratense), aerial part, fresh, AWI ; GRDC ; MLA ; RIRDC ; Dairy Australia, 2012. Milk protein and milk sugar were also higher for the early cut timothy, which was explained by the higher intake of digestible carbohydrates in the younger hay (Nishino et al., 2004). Ruminal tympany, commonly known as bloat, is a digestive disorder of ruminants that occurs when the gas produced during ... With their ability to provide high yields of good quality forage and to fix ‘free’ nitrogen from the ... Richard Bown is a third generation farmer, and his family are third generation Cotswold Seeds’ customers. grasses (AWI et al., 2012). It will grow abundantly on heavy ground and, although it only has a shallow root structure, it still persists well on lighter land in dry years. Forage grows extremely well under Canadian growing con… Can. Timothy is not compatible with the more aggressive temperate grasses such as perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or pasture brome (Bromus sp.) Guaranteed Analysis: Crude Protein (min) 6.0%; Crude Fat (min) 2.0%; Crude Fibre (min) 28.0%; Crude Fibre (max) 32.0% It is best suited to areas receiving more than 900 mm average annual rainfall, with a reliable summer rainfall (AWI et al., 2012). In a palatability experiment in Finland, timothy pasture was ranked similar to tall fescue, higher than meadow fescue and lower than a mixture of tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) (Särkijärvi et al., 2010). Timothy grows 3 to 4 feet tall. Monathefte 17, 22 p. Sveinsson, T. ; Bjarnadóttir, L., 2006. Climax is persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it … J. Phleum pratense is the sole cultivated Phleum species although the small timothy (Phleum nodosum L.) is cultivated in some countries (Larsen et al., 2006). Growth, digestibility and voluntary intake by yearling steers grazing timothy (, Särkijärvi, S. ; Niemeläinen, O. ; Sormunen-Cristian, R. ; Saastamoinen, M., 2010. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. The timothy is a late maturing, hay type timothy. Because DM yield increases with maturity whereas nutritive value declines, choosing a harvest date requires a compromise between the choice of increasing nutritive value at the expense of DM yield or vice versa (Bélanger et al., 2001). Lucerne, sub and white clover are also included in this blend to increase the overall quality. The Barenbrug Australia promise, our message of confidence to our customers on Australia’s food supply. The combination of prairie grass, a grazing brome and an early flowering perennial ryegrass offer a strong grass based pasture with quality feed spread through autumn, winter, spring and early summer. Looking forward to a couple of more months growth. Flowering Plant In: Grassland in a changing world. Cutting just as the seeds ripen provides nutritious forage as hay. Plants can grow 60–80 cm tall, including the seed head. The forage it produces is acceptable to most classes of stock. Timothy grass helps stabilize the soil and has been used in erosion control. AGR-84, University of Kentucky, Cooperative Extension Service, Larsen, A. ; Marum, P., 2006. Timothy is very persistent, usually outlasting other less permanent species like ryegrass in mixtures. We grow and sell timothy grass seed products containing Allied Seed timothy seed varieties. The grass is adapted to soils with a pH ranging from 4.5 to 7.8. Young leaves are rolled into the sleeve and then they grow in spirals. Teff is a very small seeded annual grass with an average of 1.3 million seeds per pound. Suitable for all breeds of adult guinea pigs and rabbits. Soft and Fragrant with abundant natural flavour, Timothy hay has become the first choice for small animals around the world due to its high fibre and low calcium content. It was, therefore, recommended to harvest timothy before heading (Bernes et al., 2008). Protein quality and utilization of timothy, oat-supplemented timothy, and alfalfa at differing harvest maturities in exercised Arabian horses. Plant Sci., 81: 577-585, Bélanger, G.; Tremblay, G. F. ; Michaud, R., 2006. Farmers tell us they want persistence from their perennial ryegrass and thats what we can offer. Teff. 24.05.17. Dry-matter intake and live-weight gain of cattle and sheep offered different grass varieties with and without clover. A collaboration between AWI, GRDC, MLA, RIRDC and Dairy Australia, Bélanger, G. ; McQueen, R. E., 1996. 06/24/2020 . Timothy seed is very small, so sowing rates for a pure stand is lower than most species. Individual timothy shoots are typically biennial, but the plant maintains itself a… Sci., 99 (1): 145-151, FAO, 2013. It will grow abundantly on heavy ground and, although it only has a shallow root structure, it still persists well on lighter land in dry years. If seed is mixed with other grass seed in the seeder, timothy will settle to the bottom of the seeder and be seeded first. Simply answer the questions relating to your farm and Seed Selector will suggest the ideal seed to help plan your summer crop. Effect of increasing plant maturity in timothy-dominated grass silage on the performance of growing/finishing Norwegian Red bulls. Development of an intensive grazing system utilizing timothy (, Ikeda, T. ; Mitamura, T. ; Miyashita, A., 2000. Timothy, timothy grass, timothy-grass, meadow cat's-tail [English]; fléole des prés [French]; Timotheegras, Wiesenlieschgras [German]; coda di topo, fleolo [Italian]; capim-timóteo, rabo-de-gato [Portuguese]; cola de topo, timoti [Spanish]; eng-rottehale, timoté [Danish]; nurmitähkiö, timotei [Finnish]; vallarfoxgras [Icelandic]; pašariniai motiejukai [Lithuanian]; timotei [Norwegian]; ängskampe, vanlig timotej [Swedish]; إفليوم مرجي [Arabic]; 猫尾草 [Chinese]; オオアワガエリ [Japanese]; 티모시 [Korean]. Canarygrass (Phalaris canariensis) An annual grass, grown for the seed which is used for bird food. Comparative digestion of timothy (, USDA, 2013. Sci., 21 (1): 73-77, Rinne, M. ; Huhtanen, P. ; Jaakkola, S., 2002. Timothy grass (Phleum pratense). Schürch, A., 1949. 99 ($0.09/Ounce) Save 5% more with Subscribe & Save. J. Digestibility of nutrients of roughages determined by total feces collection method in Thoroughbreds. Back to top. The great book of rabbits. Peters Timothy & Rye is grown in Australia from Canadian seed. Effects of stage of maturity of timothy hay and concentrate supplementation on performance of lactating dairy cows. 2020, Traditional Hay Maker - Long Term Hay Ley, Traditional Hay Maker - Long Term Hay Ley - 50% ORGANIC, Hay & Graze - Four Year Dual Purpose Hay/Haylage Ley, Hay & Graze Medium Term 4 year Hay Ley - 50% ORGANIC, Long Lasting Upland Dual Purpose Mix 50% ORGANIC, Milk-Meat Cut or Graze Five Year Plus Ley, ‘LAMINS’ Drought Resistant Four Year Grazing Ley Dry, Light Land, ‘LAMINS’ Drought Resistant Four Year Grazing Ley 50% ORGANIC, Buffer Strip Grass Margin Mix Two, Four or Six Plus Metre, Buffer Strip Grass Margin Mix 50% ORGANIC, Beetle Bank Tussocky Grass Margin 50% ORGANIC, Wetland Dual Purpose Long Term Mixture 50% Organic, Equine Pasture Mix - Long Term No Ryegrass, Equine Pasture Mix - Long Term No Ryegrass - 50% ORGANIC. In trials conducted on the Northern Tablelands of NSW between 1958 and 1961 timothy out yielded phalaris and Italian ryegrass, but produced less than tall fescue, cocksfoot and perennial ryegrass. This was related to a slower rate of passage and a longer retention time in the gut, an effect attributed to higher lignin content, and to the proportion and composition of the digestible fibre of timothy. Try it now Share this page. Animal performance may be further limited in some situations by its low sodium levels (Charlton et al., 2000). Phleum intermedium Jord., Phleum parnassicum Boiss. Annual production yields of around 5 t/DM/ha have been mea… FAO, Rome, Italy. Sci. Vicseeds is proudly a 100% Australian owned grass seed company. It is a very common species found in pasture throughout the UK. Individual shoots live during parts of two growing seasons, and some new shoots develop each year from older ones, which results in a perennial stand (Lacefield et al., 1980). Back to top. The leaf blades are hairless, smooth and pale green. 23rd General Meeting European Grassland Federation, Kiel, Germany, 29th August - 2nd September 2010, 1000-1002. Planting rate is 4-5 lbs per acre raw, and 7-10 lbs/acre for coated seed. The very low calcium content of timothy hay (0.33% on average) can be advantageous or unfavourable, depending on the calcium content of the other diet ingredients. This was our first purchase from McKays online and were very impressed with the speed at which the seeds were delivered (from NSW to SA) and the customer service when ordering was exceptional. It can be sown from spring until autumn, but a late autumn sowing will lead to a slow autumn establishment, be aware that this particularly small seed will not tolerate being sown to deeply. A characteristic of timothy grass is its fast growth relative to other grasses, which enables it to accumulate quite a lot of standing biomass before senescence appears (FAO, 2013). When tested, you want 8-12% protein, low end of normal range of ESC (4.7-10.9%), and low end of normal range of starch (1.5-4%). Unfortunately, heirloom seeds cannot be shipped to Western Australia, and select seeds cannot be shipped to Tasmania.