Straw is the dead and dried remains of… It's a good hay for horses. Dal is about 2 percent higher in protein at the fully headed and the milk stage compared to Kelsey. They may have a forage probe you can borrow, and they should be able to give you advice on where to have the sample analyzed. The horse’s -if they continue to do well-do well in spite of them, not because of them. When an alfalfa crop is properly cared for, baled, and stored, the high leaf to stem ratio can provide a very high quality forage product. I currently have 125 bales a premium alfalfa horse hay small bales at 12 dollars a bale from Iowa in the barn. Each one is specially designed for horses in a specific age group or performance level. The vitamin A level in oat hay is higher than other grass hays. Oat hay is a grass hay, and its energy/calorie and protein levels are similar to timothy, which averages at around 9% protein. Ten pounds of oat hay per day will fulfill an adult horse’s vitamin A … However, plain oats contain insufficient lysine for maximal growth of young horses. favorite this post Dec 18 Millet/grass hay $0 pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. It is just not feasible – especially with the 30 or so horses we have – and ours are all easy keeper mountain horses. – So if you are not already giving your horse oats, consider it because it is a wholesome grain that comes with many benefits for your horse. A high quality cereal grain hay, like oat hay, is preferable to a poor quality alfalfa. Helps maintain rabbit digestive health. This oat hay produces a high protein feed suitable for cattle, horses and sheep. Hay can be a very good source of digestible energy (depending on the maturity stage during the harvest). Horses have been eating oats for thousands of years and are able to easily digest the grain. We are constantly researching into aspects of forage. "For those horses that are confined, chewing on oat hay might provide enough chew time to reduce other behaviors that owners would prefer them not to have," he said. Katie Navarra - 05/05/2017 "The digestibility of the oat is good and does not need to be processed to have a high level of starch digestion," Coleman explained. Oat hay is a good choice when available. That being said, the horse needs to eat more pounds of dry matter per day to meet it's requirements. Horses need the bulk fiber of hay to stay healthy. Alfalfa’s protein content is closer to 17%. Oat hay is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production. Learn about nitrate toxity in horse hay or haylage and how forage testing can help determine the quality of the protein in horses' daily diets. Katie has been a freelance writer since 2001 and has more than 250 bylines to her credit. However, they are missing some essential nutrients working horses need to perform their best. Horses fed oat hay should always be supplemented with a balanced concentrate or, if not stabled, a mineral lick high in calcium and protein. In drought years, alfalfa is usually more available and therefore cheaper, since it is a drought resistant crop.". For more information about oats as a food for horses and other animals, please visit the Equine Feed Oat Project. Oat hay is good-quality feed, but more needed. Cultivation : Temporary culture of fast growing plants, it helps to protect the plots between two sale cultures, maximizing the profitability of surfaces. As the seed head has not developed, the starch content of oat grass forage is minimal. Of course getting an analysis is best, but I remember (and am rather grateful for) Horse Journal publishing something on oat hay that suggested feeding it in a 5-1 ratio by weight with alfalfa (5lbs oat for every 1lb alfalfa) to balance out the calcium-phosphorus ratio. Teff Hay for Horses: Pros and Cons. The choice between alfalfa and oat hay depends on price per unit of energy or protein and the type of horse being fed. Oat Hay Oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. This is made from oats. But, eating chopped hay should still cause a horse to salivate enough for him to maintain his gastric health. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding.Choosing grain for a horse… Some horses can't handle it, seems like. Chopped Hay for Senior Horses… Often, concentrated feed meals move through the system too quickly or are too large to be digested appropriately in the foregut. Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Oats are, however, low in calcium and high in phosphorus, and lack several vital nutrients for the horses. References Because oats tend to be economical, many horse owners prefer to feed oats and do some additional mixing of supplements to bring the overall nutritional content to what the horse needs. Good quality forage with fully formed protein is essential for health and maintenance of robust body systems. Oat Hay. If your horse has nutrient requirements that are higher than what is being met with hay alone – particularly energy (calories), oats can be an excellent option. As for horses not digesting oats, that is a farce as well. You may find your horses eat the seed heads and leaves and leave the stems behind, increasing the … © 2008 by Heidi Melocco. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. But most horses accustomed to our fibrous sourveld grasses are able to digest it. Oat hay is very common on the west coast. "Oats are all natural and a whole grain that is closest to the horse's natural diet," said Julie Goodnight, host of the television show "Horse Master with Julie Goodnight and member of the Equine Oat Research Advisory Board. New York (CNN Business)Meghan Markle, the Duchess of Sussex, is betting big on oat milk. If the hay was harvested after a frost or the grain crop was hurt by drought, the nitrate level may be high. 'Oat groats' is the more technical term more what is commonly known as oatmeal. Learn about nitrate toxity in horse hay or haylage and how forage testing can help determine the quality of the protein in horses' daily diets. (Values are based on five years of data from Equi-Analytical Laboratories’ web site.) This class of carbohydrates includes starch, water-soluble sugar, and fructan. $0. Oats and fortified feeds … Oat hay is a harvested forage or feed of stalks, leaves and heads from oat crop rather from grass or alfalfa. Chopped Hay for Senior Horses: Forage Alternatives Importance of Forage. Oat hay is the most common cereal hay fed in the United States, and if harvested at the right time, it is quite palatable to horses. HAY!! The third cutting is often more fibrous and sometimes classified as ‘oat straw’. Chopped Hay for Senior Horses: Benefits. Ideally, a horse should eat 2-2.5% of its weight in good quality fodder—hay or grass. When introducing a new feed or changing a horse's feed ration, always do so gradually. HAY!! A processed oat (crimped or steamed) improves digestibility for older horses with poor teeth, but a young horse with good teeth can chew well and eat the grain in its unprocessed state. Because it comes in much smaller pieces, a horse doesn’t need to put as much effort into chewing chopped hay. However, barley hay should never be fed to horses. Oat hulls are a source of furfural , and oat flour has been used as a food preservative in ice cream and other dairy products. The oat crop is grown specifically for hay instead of harvested for grain. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Before doing it, there are some things you should know. Oat hay is a reasonable forage for mature horses. The whole oat gets crimped, which flattens the oat and separates off the shell (known as the hull - which is indigestible and has no nutritional value). This oat hay produces a high protein feed suitable for cattle, horses and sheep. Oats are a traditional grain popular with horses because of its ease of digestion, and a good balance of protein, fat and starch. I understand the oat grain has been harvested and that the stems are baled. One of the primary reasons over 60% of performance horses today suffer from hindgut ulcers is the abundance of starch in their diets. Most horses do not need a gallon of oats, a quart or two will suffice. However, with more and more research being conducted in the area of equine nutrition, the question today is “Do oats and alfalfa hay meet all the nutrient requirements under all stages of life and level of activity for my horse?” Although they can eat grain, they still need a forage substitute that provides the +20% fiber content that good pasture or hay provides. "Oat starch is readily available to the horse and because of this horse owners need to make sure they feed what is needed to meet a horse's calorie requirements.". In recent years it has become popular among North American horse owners looking to reduce the amount of sugar in their horses’ diets. Lots of oat seeds in the hay. HAY!! This grain, available whole, rolled or steamed, is good for horses of all ages and all activity levels. Normal horses can tolerate NSC levels of 20% or higher. Oat hay is a reasonable forage for mature horses. They also massage the esophagus, oxygenate the blood, strengthen tendons and ligaments, and they are high in silica and fiber. Oat grass. If it was feed, the hay would probably be in a nibble net so horse can munch on it overnite. Whole oats help break down the sharp points on horses teeth. Goodnight cautions that barley hay looks like oat hay and is often grown in the same areas. Horsemen recognize the importance of good-quality forage for horses and ponies. This saliva then helps control gastric health and the overall health of a horse’s intestines. "In my opinion, if oats have been proven to provide cardiovascular benefits for humans, it stands to reason they are good for horses too." "Horses fed oats eat slower and chew more, which stimulates saliva and good digestion," she added. Oat hay, on the other hand, averages 22% NSC. . Dal oat hay was significantly higher in most chemi cal fractions analyzed compared to Kelsey oat hay. As natural foragers, a horse’s ability to travel and graze freely is taken away when humans place them in captivity. Goodnight said, "Price may be a little cheaper, if you can find it. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. Oats are also free of additives, extra sugars and do not contain GMOs (genetically modified organisms). The third cutting is often more fibrous and sometimes classified as ‘oat straw’. Oat grass hay is specifically grown as a forage crop similar to timothy or orchard grass and is harvested in an immature growth stage to maximize digestibility. While horses seem to tolerate a higher level of nitrate than do cattle you may want to have the hay tested for nitrate and other nutrient levels as well. Your pet should have unlimited grass hay every day. Julie Goodnight is a popular equine clinician, and also hosts a popular horsemanship television show. Horses tend to throw their hay around as they rummage for the good bits, so you’ll need a good 8’ by 8’ of ground cover for your horses feeding area. Many of the newer “lite” or “low-calorie” complete feeds make use of these highly nondigestible fiber ingredients and are a reasonable substitute for the hay portion of the horse’s diet. As any horse owner knows, feeds can be expensive and you want to feed something the horse will eat in its entirety. Typically less expensive than alfalfa, oat hay is often better suited for sedentary horses because of a lower protein content. Good quality alfalfa hay is one of the most palatable and digestible forage sources that can be offered to any class of horse. Oats have been a staple of horse owners feeding program for generations, and are the safest grain to feed. For some horse owners, the gold standard among grass hays is timothy due largely to its extreme palatability. 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