In 1940 or late 1939, the Nazis began "Operation T4," the first mass killings of Germans and Austrians with disabilities, most by large-scale poison gas operations. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade. On June 17th, Dr. Richard Lawler performed the first organ transplant, a kidney in an Illinois woman with polycystic kidney disease; and, on the political front, US. Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, and the war dominated Europe from that moment until the Nazis surrendered. June 8: George Orwell's landmark "Nineteen Eighty-Four" was published. March: British astronomer Fred Hoyle, appearing on a BBC radio program, described the current theory of how the universe began as "one big bang at a particular time in the remote past," making the notion accessible to the public imagination and even though he didn't at the time accept it. June 6, 1944 was momentous: D-Day, when the Allies landed in Normandy on the way to liberate Europe from the Nazis.​. Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early to mid-1950s. First EIS investigation for chronic disease (leukemia cluster), An investigation into a cancer cluster in Niles, Illinois expands CDC reach into chronic diseases, Tuberculosis Program transfers from the U. S. Public Health Service to CDC. October 31: In South Dakota, Mount Rushmore, a sculpture of 60-foot-high faces of four U.S. presidents, was completed after 14 years under the direction of Gutzon Borglum. Japanese American internment, the forced relocation by the U.S. government of thousands of Japanese Americans to detention camps during World War II. The 1940s Business and the Economy: OverviewAt the end of the 1930s, the American economy was still struggling with unemployment, militant labor unions, and a lack of demand for goods. Definition and 8 Points, The US and Great Britain's Special Relationship, World War II Europe: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy, B.A., History, University of California at Davis. The Berlin Airlift ended after 277,000 flights and after the Soviets lifted the blockade, Apartheid was instituted in South Africa, Britain recognized the independence of Eire, and on January 19 a man raised a toast and left three roses and a … This program alone resulted in … Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. May 7: Germany signed the first legal German Institution of Surrender in Reims, although the final document was signed on May 9. 1949. August 13: The Manhattan Project, a U.S. federally-funded effort to develop and produce nuclear weapons, began. The first year of the 1940s was filled with war-related news. With the onset of the Cold War, segregation and inequality within the U.S. were brought into focus on … June 3, 1940 - The United States government approves a sale of surplus war material to Great Britain. Living in the 1940s. September 12: The entrance to Lascaux Cave, containing Stone Age paintings dated to 15,000–17,000 years old, was discovered by three French teenagers. The Berlin Airlift ended after 277,000 flights and after the Soviets lifted the blockade, Apartheid was instituted in South Africa, Britain recognized the independence of Eire, and on January 19 a man raised a toast and left three roses and a … Everyone collectively breathed a sigh of relief. The decade opened with the Battle of Britain and the Blitz of 1940-41, during which time Londoners experienced aerial bombing whose severe consequences were felt throughout the city. The Venereal Disease Division is transferred from the U.S. Public Health Service to CDC, bringing two important innovations to CDC’s activities: a grant program and a new kind of employee, The first practical use for the fluorescent antibody technique is utilized in CDC laboratories to research communicable diseases of bacterial origin, During the National Polio Immunization Program, EIS officers trace 260 polio cases to improper vaccine production methods. This time line consists of local, national, and international events relevant to the Canadian experience. February 24: Juan Perón was elected president of Argentina. Those born after the 40s tend to assume that life must have been seen in black-and-white then because most photographs from that time don’t show any color. Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. Fluorescent antibody test is developed for rabies and field trials demonstrate 100 percent accuracy. The rise in sulphate aerosols was largely due to the increase in industrial activities at the end of the second world war. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In the 1940s Nebraska has a string of losing seasons that doesn't end until 1950. 1944. Between 1942 and 1945, a total of 10 camps were opened, holding approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans in California, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Arkansas. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. 1940-1949. His vice president Harry S. Truman took office. U.S. trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere. CDC begins a five-year study on what role flies have in the spread and transmission of poliomyelitis. May: The Germans opened the Auschwitz concentration camp, where at least 1.1 million people would be killed. July 4: The post-Holocaust outbreak of violence known as the Kielce Pogrom in Poland was conducted by Polish soldiers, police officers and civilians who killed between 38 and 42 people. Tom "Train Wreck" Novak earns 1949 All-America honors on a team with a 4-5 record. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. Living in the 1940s. April 13: The Germans announced that they had discovered 4,400 bodies of Polish officers in a mass grave in Russia's Katyn Forest, the first concrete evidence of the Katyn Massacre of May 1940. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. July 1, The Communicable Disease Center (CDC) is organized around the foundation of its predecessor, the Malaria Control in War Areas program. By far the biggest event for Americans in 1941 was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, a day that would indeed, as FDR said, live in infamy. Music lovers were treated with far … Research 1940s clothing styles, trends & history with our year-by-year timeline & 50+ pictures. In 1940 or late 1939, the Nazis began "Operation T4," the first mass killings of Germans and Austrians with disabilities, most by large-scale poison gas operations. • Synthetic tooth fillings were developed. March 5: Winston Churchill gave his "Iron Curtain" speech, condemning Soviet Union policies in Europe. There was also a movement into urban centres from rural areas. U.S. Timeline - The 1940s. Sometime in 1947, the first of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of ancient Hebrew and Aramaic documents stored in caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, were discovered. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments, CDC stations the Laboratory Division at the Lawson Veterans Administration Hospital in Chamblee, Georgia, CDC established for communicable diseases, Rabies investigation activities are conducted at the Virus Laboratory in Montgomery, Alabama, CDC assists the Imperial Iranian Government in planning and establishing a national malaria control program, CDC conducts first training courses in Laboratory Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Mycotic Diseases, CDC investigations expand to include, typhus, dysentery-diarrheal, fly control-poliomyelitis, viral encephalitis, plague, Q fever, brucellosis, creeping eruption, rabies, histoplasmosis, insecticides, and rodenticides, Acquires the Public Health Service Plague Suppressive lab which included an Epidemiology division, Emory University deeds 15 acres of land to the Federal Government for the development of CDC headquarters on Clifton Road in Atlanta, CDC establishes the Veterinary Public Health Division, focusing on protecting and improving both animal and human health. He was never seen again. While allowing an African-Americans to play baseball may not seem controversial now, it’s important to remember that much of America employed some form of segregation in the 1940s. This decade, commonly called "the war years," is synonymous with World War II. August 6 and 8: The United States detonates two nuclear weapons above the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first and (so far only) use of such a weapon against an enemy people. 1940 Hitler invades Norway, Denmark (April 9), the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (May 10), and France (May 12). The 1940s (pronounced "nineteen-forties" and commonly abbreviated as the "Forties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1940, and ended on December 31, 1949. This decade left an indelible mark on all but the youngest of Americans that lasted for the rest of their lives. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends 2.WW2 Fashion – … April 19: German troops and police entered the Warsaw Ghetto to deport its surviving inhabitants. Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today. March 3: Forrest Mars, Sr. obtained a patent for the candy to be known as M&M's and based on British-made Smarties. The trends, designers, dresses, shoes, hairstyles, makeup and stories from the WW2 era and post war Paris. November 20: The Nuremberg trials began, military tribunals prosecuting prominent members of the leadership of Nazi Germany for their crimes in World War II. October 1: After the Chinese Communist Revolution, part of the Chinese Civil War, leader and party chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the creation of the People's Republic of China. February 21: Polaroid cameras were introduced at a meeting of the Optical Society of America in New York City, just in time for all those baby shots. May 24: The British battle-cruiser HMS Hood was sunk by the Bismarck during the Battle of Denmark Strait; the Royal Navy sunk the Bismarck three days later. In History. The 1940s saw an increase in activism and opportunities: the black press spoke out about unfair and unjust treatment, while nonprofit organizations and social groups worked to further social reforms. The United States was drawn into World War II with the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and was then involved in both the European and Pacific theaters until peace came in May 1945 in Europe and August of that year in the Pacific. An estimated 7,000–10,000 soldiers died along the way in what became known as the Bataan Death March. July 8: French resistance leader Jean Pierre Moulin is said to have died on a train near Metz and headed to Germany after being tortured by the Nazis. The 1940s values and culture created a good work ethic and sense of positive national egocentrism. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: COVID-19: CDC Museum Closed to the Public, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. President Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). Subcategories This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total. October 8: Inventor Percy Spencer filed the first of what would be 150 patents for the Microwave oven, to be made available to the public as the Radarange. The 1950s were the first full decade after the end of World War II and is remembered as a prosperous time of recovery from the Great Depression of the 1930s and the war years of the 1940s. The plan was to conquer the western Soviet Union and repopulate it with Germans; and in the process, the German armies captured some five million troops and starved or otherwise killed 3.3 million prisoners of war. October 29: The Reynolds pen, an early ballpoint, went on sale in the U.S. The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. Fortunately for all, the 1940s was a decade of inventions of all kinds. Based on that data, the Environmental Protection Agency implements policies that decrease the amount of lead in gas by half from 1976 – 1980, subsequently dropping levels of lead in blood by 37%, and Congress is persuaded to phase out leaded gas permanently, CDC establishes the vessel sanitation program in cooperation with the cruise ship industry, WHO Collaboration Center for leptospirosis is established, Begins to assist in visa and entry screening, immunization, and follow up of the health of Vietnamese refugees to the United States, First EIS assistance for injury (homicide in Georgia), CDC establishes Bureau of Health Education, developing health curriculum for schools, Through the Study of the Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control (, CDC documents the first nationwide outbreak of Reye syndrome, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (, CDC begins regularly responding to public health crises abroad by providing famine assistance in sub-Saharan Africa, CDC recommends discontinuation of routine immunization and vaccination requirements for, Investigations into lead exposure associated with an ore smelter in El Paso, Texas, increases the scientific understanding of the effects of, The National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) is renamed Center for Disease Control (CDC), The National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance system is established to monitor infections acquired in hospital settings, CDC opens its first biological containment lab to protect scientists while they work with deadly and infectious pathogens, Inter-Regional Seminar on Smallpox Eradication is held in Lagos, Nigeria to discuss the progress of the Smallpox Eradication Program. It serves to contextualize the growth and evolution of VIU. Sponsor this page for $275 per year. It was refueled in the air four times. CDC is transferred from the State Relations Division and established as a field station under the immediate direction of the Chief of the Bureau of State Services of the U.S. Public Health Service. Many cities built warm pools where children and adults with polio could find exercise. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments August 10–17: Korea is divided into North (occupied by the Soviet Union) and South (occupied by the United States). The trends, designers, dresses, shoes, hairstyles, makeup and stories from the WW2 era and post war Paris. September 29–30: In the Babi Yar Massacre, Nazis killed over 33,000 Jews from Kiev in a ravine in Ukraine; the killing would continue for months and involve at least 100,000 people. May 14: After years of experimentation and investment, stockings made of nylon rather than silk hit the market because silk was needed for the war effort. Subsequently, the Surgeon General designates CDC as the office to plan, administer, and furnish aid to state health departments to meet emergency demands. Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. February 13–15: British and American forces launched an aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, effectively destroying over 12,000 buildings in the city's old town and inner eastern suburbs. Before 1940 Oct.1938 21 Japanese troops occupied Guangzhou. At the end of the war … The decade opened with the Battle of Britain and the Blitz of 1940-41, during which time Londoners experienced aerial bombing whose severe consequences were felt throughout the city. October 13: One month after surrendering to Allied forces, the government of Italy under Pietro Badoglio joined the Allies and declared war on Germany. 1940 • Penicillin was used to help cure diseases. What happened in 1949? July 20: German military officers led by Claus von Stauffenberg led Operation Valkyrie, a plot to kill German chancellor Adolf Hitler inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters, but failed. Despite the horrific bloodshed, the operation failed. June 22–December 5: Operation Barbarossa, an Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, took place. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. All CDC Museum tours are canceled until further notice. November: The first prototype of what would become the Jeep, the Willys Quad, was delivered to the U.S. Army. April 12: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died at his Warm Springs, Georgia estate. 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