Eligibility: You are eligible to apply to the MPH Program if you have met […] For campus COVID-19 information, visit coronavirus.uiowa.edu.Or, view pharmacy-specific quick links. MPH for Practicing Veterinarians The University of Iowa College of Public Health, in collaboration with the College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University offers a primarily distance-based Master of Public Health Program. Welcome back! After 14 years of working in private practice in North Carolina, her desire for a new challenge prompted her to enroll in the University of Iowa Master of Public Health program for practicing veterinarians. Danelle Bickett-Weddle, DVM, MPH, Dipl. a. Events Prospective MPH Students Programs of Study Departmental Combined Degrees Degree Options for Professionals Undergrad to Grad Course Descriptions Financial Aid for MPH Students Applied Practice Experience Frequently Asked Questions How to Apply Join us at CPH! GRE preferred minimums are: verbal 151 and quantitative 152. Dr. Fredrickson earned his doctorate from Iowa State University. Therefore, while practicing clinical veterinary medicine, I decided to also pursue my Master of Public Health degree at the University of Minnesota. Please work with your advisor to choose a plan that works best for you. After obtaining my Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree at Western University of Health Sciences in 2015, I was seeking opportunities that would lead me towards a career in wildlife conservation. No. Class size: 157 students; GPA Averages: Cumulative 3.69; Science 3.54; Competitive Candidates: Care about serving people as well as animals Our purpose is to assist practicing veterinarians, extension specialists, and swine producers in the state of Iowa and across the world. This online course teaches both student and practicing veterinarians how to avoid the most common financial, lifestyle and emotional pitfalls impacting caring health care providers today including budgeting and paying for your expensive medical school education. The vaccine was approved for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Friday, Dec. 11 and is prioritized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for health care workers and residents of long-term care facilities. Tuskegee has previously been cited for violations of the Animal Welfare Act related to the misuse of dogs, including using a dog for practicing surgical procedures prior to euthanizing the animal without obtaining consent from the animal’s caregiver. She then transferred to the US Public Health Service and held numerous positions related to animal and public health. University of California, Davis. This following is a sample plan of study based on a full-time student starting in the Summer. Typically students who enroll in this option are physicians, nurses, veterinarians, pharmacists, and dentists. The University of Iowa was established in 1847, which is only 59 days after Iowa was admitted as a state. You will be assigned an adviser from the Academic Advising Center who specializes in pre-veterinary medicine. edu.Dr. The University has resumed hybrid, face-to-face instruction. Accessibility Statement Iowa State University Master’s in Public Health Programs. Practicing veterinarians send samples to the Veterinary Diagnostic Lab for sequencing, which allows the veterinarians and pork producers to identify specific influenza strains circulating in their herds. Questions or comments? College of the Veterinary Medicine of Iowa University receives regular and significant research funding. Master of Public Health in Leadership and Public Health Practice . Dr. Grooms brings scholarship, research, teaching and clinical skills to the position of dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University. The University of Iowa College of Public Health is accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH). Applicants must meet the Admission Requirements of the Graduate Collegeand the department offering the degree program (review the department's web site or the General Catalog for departmental requirements). Resources for Practicing Veterinarians (EBVM) Services to Adjunct Faculty and Preceptors ... Iowa State University and Center for Public Health and Zoonoses web portal of systematic reviews and tutorials related to food animals and food safety. The C ollege of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences (CVMAS) was one of the early organized colleges in the University of Gondar. Talk to a Student Email us today! February 25, 2015 — The University of Iowa College of Public Health, in collaboration with the College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University offers a primarily distance-based Master of Public Health Program. The program is designed for practicing veterinarians looking for a career change or to enhance their ability to become board certified in Veterinary Preventive Medicine. ACVPM, is Associate Director of the Center for Food Security and Public Health, 2170 Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 USA.E-mail: [email protected]tate. Laboratory animal practice – Some veterinarians work in a university or industrial laboratory and are responsible for the care and treatment of laboratory animals of any species (often involving bovines, porcine species, felines, canines, rodents, and even exotic animals). A combined Master of Public Health and International Development is the first of it's kind at the University of Guelph, currently offered to three students from the 2016 cohort. Students in the College of Veterinary Medicine can choose between four species specific tracks during their fourth year. Typically students who enroll in this option are physicians, nurses, veterinarians, pharmacists, and dentists. The online MPH at the University of Iowa is for practicing veterinarians, therefore a degree in veterinary medicine is a prerequisite. The new Distance MPH Program for Practicing Veterinarians at the University of Iowa will provide the additional training to participate in one of the many roles Dr. King describes in his article. To further advance her skills, she completed an MPH degree through the University of Iowa MPH for Practicing Veterinarians program. If you took the exam prior to August 1, 2011, the preferred minimu… College of Veterinary Medicine | Iowa State University Catalog Veterinarians can work on issues involving epidemiology, food safety, occupational health, zoonotic and vector-borne diseases, bioterrorism, drug or vaccine safety, or any one of the myriad sub-fields of public health. The University of Iowa does not offer degree programs in veterinary medicine, but does offer course work to help students prepare to enroll in DVM or VMD programs elsewhere. Additionally, Dr. Lyons-Nace completed her Master of Public Health from the University of Iowa in 2014. Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, 2014-2018 Additional Training: MPH, University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health, Chicago, 2006-2008 Current Position: Faculty, University of Massachusetts Memorial Hospital and Medical School, Worchester, Mass. University of Iowa Master of Public Health (MPH) 2013 – 2015. 3. We hope you had a restful break. 5302 - Graduate, Liberal Arts and Sciences-Distance Program Fall 2020 NON_RESIDENT, NO_GRAD_APPOINTMENT 3 hours The admissions profile posted in 2019 by Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine is as follows (please note that individual schools post profiles of their students on their websites which may differ from the averages noted here): . This prepares you for admission into a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program. As a practitioner I am also pleased and respectful that Dr. Grooms has also served his clinical specialty and practicing veterinarians as president of their national association. Applicants interested in veterinary public health should consider the DVM/MPH combination degree program at the University of Florida. The University of Iowa College of Public Health, in collaboration with the  College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University offers a primarily distance-based Master of Public Health Program. The University of Iowa College of Public Health is accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH). The program includes animal housing facilities in the Colleges of Medicine, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Public Health. University of Iowa, College of Public Health. The University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine prepares future leaders in companion animal, food animal, and public health practice, as well as research and education. The Swine Veterinary Extension program is an outreach program of the Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine within the College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University. For more information contact: Janet Payeur DVM, MPH, PhD Scientific Outreach Coordinator National Veterinary Services Laboratories 1920 Dayton Avenue Ames, IA 50010 515-337-7003 FAX: 515-337-7397 [email protected] Related Degrees: ... General MPH; MPH for Practicing Veterinarians; Accelerated 5-year Undergrad to Grad MPH . The minimum grade point average requirement for admission to the MPH program is 3.0. The University has a unique Swine Medicine Education Center that is the central hub of knowledge and care for swine in the United States. Nelva has 9 jobs listed on their profile. MPH for Practicing Veterinarians. Accessibility Statement Finest Veterinarians in Fairfield, IA Robert J. Wiegert, DVM. Veterinary Technician Continuing Education Record Form for upcoming registration renewal 1/1/2021-12/31/2023. She obtained additional veterinary pathology training and then joined the U.S. Army for three years. The State Health Registries of Iowa, which encompasses the Iowa Cancer Registry and the Iowa Registry for Congenital and Inherited Disorders, works in cooperation with the Iowa Department of Public Health to collect medical data on Iowans.The Iowa Cancer Registry is one of 18 registries nationwide that report data to the National Cancer Institute. She concurrently completed a Master of Public Health from the University of Iowa. Veterinarians with MPH degrees are increasingly in demand because of their involvement in all areas… Hixson-Lied Small Animal Hospital - located on the College of Veterinary Medicine main campus; Large Animal Hospital - located on the College of Veterinary Medicine main campus; ISU Dairy Farm - College of Agriculture and Life Sciences facility located just south of Ames, Iowa Data Sources: Occupational Outlook Handbook (US Dept. Dr. Schott joined the Sauk Prairie Veterinary Clinic team in 2001 and joined Lodi Veterinary Care in 2020 when the practices merged. Dr. Lynae is now in her second year of a MPH (Master of Public Health) for Practicing Veterinarians program through University of Iowa and Iowa State University. General MPH Degree. Why is the Iowa University best for Veterinary Science? College of Veterinary Medicine 1800 Christensen Drive Ames, Iowa 50011-1134 515-294-1242 Contact Us If you are a prospective undergraduate, please refer to the How to Apply page for the Undergraduate to MPH program (Undergraduate to Grad). 2020 summer institute dates: Iowa State University campus – Sunday, May 17 – Friday, May 29. She completed her Masters in 2018 while working for the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service as a Supervisory Public Health Veterinarian. Bickett-Weddle is in charge of educational material development as it pertains to biological risk management and veterinary accreditation for the CFSPH. BMS Graduate Program Research opportunities obviously exist in university settings, but there are numerous other options. She practiced small animal medicine at a mixed animal practice in Lake City, Iowa before joining Iowa Veterinary Wellness Center in January, 2018. Contact Lexie Just. Students must have a cumulative g.p.a. She has operated a mobile practice, worked as a clinical instructor at the Great Plains Veterinary Education Center (GPVEC), and completed a post-doc at Colorado State University. ... Based Veterinary Medical Association for developing a biostatistics course using the flipped classroom model for practicing veterinarians. Level of degree- Doctoral Does KU have a program? Iowa State University was founded in the late 1800s, and has been providing a strong tradition of educational tools and resources for students who are looking to further their careers in a variety of different areas. Public Health for Practicing Veterinarians Public Health for Practicing Veterinarians. We will only seek this waiver if you have a DVM from a US Veterinary School. The Iowa Board of Veterinary Medicine consists of five members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Iowa Senate. c. Suspend imposition of judgment and penalty or impose the judgment and penalty, but suspend enforcement and place the veterinarian on probation. Student have the opportunity to work alongside Iowa State faculty veterinarians at the Iowa State Fair where they are responsible for the health of thousands of animals being exhibited as well as those participating in special events such as the Governor's Charity Steer Show. Career Ready Getting Started on Your Career Internships and Fellowships Job […] 9. Save the Date: 2nd Annual Iowa One Health Conference Saturday, October 14, 2017, 9:00 AM- 5:00 PM at University of Iowa College of Public Health Hosts: UI Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases and Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine. The school is acknowledged throughout the country. Track or Major? MPH program at the University of Iowa for veterinarians: Home » Degree Programs » MPH for Practicing Veterinarians. #9. Location: Iowa City, IA Contact Lexie Just. This page was last reviewed on August 23, 2019. Suspend the license to practice veterinary medicine for a period to be determined by the board. View Nelva Bryant DVM, MPH’S profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. 1. Research. She went on to attend Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine and earned her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine in 2004. A Note from IVETS. Student… Acknowledgement of University of IowaUniversity of Iowa College of Public Health, 145 N. Riverside Drive100 CPHBIowa City, IA 52242(319) 384-1500, © The University of Iowa 2020 All rights reserved. Dual Degree Fee for MPH/DVM Students and MPH Students in Combined SUI Degree Program: $1,000: EMHA (Executive Master of Health Administration) 2-year program fee: $55,000: Master of Public Health (MPH) for Practicing Veterinarians (entire program fee) $40,000: Healthcare Management Certificate (per credit hour) $1,250 She holds her BS (Zoology) and DVM from Iowa State University, her MPH from the University of Minnesota, and is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine. Prior Work Experience: Must currently be a licensed DVM in the United States. This is a primarily distance-based degree designed for working veterinarians. Iowa State University is one of several host sites for AgDiscovery and accepts students, ages 15-17. Pre-Veterinary Medicine Guide: Geography BA & BS: Psychology BS & BA: Geoscience BA: Political Science BA & BS: Geosicence BS: Public Health Interest: Health & Human Physiology: Human Physiology BS: Screenwriting Arts BA: Health & Human Physiology: Exercise Science BA: Social Work BA: Health & Human Physiology: Health Promotion BA: Sociology BA Free Databases and Websites for Veterinarians University of IowaUniversity of Iowa College of Public Health, 145 N. Riverside Drive100 CPHBIowa City, IA 52242(319) 384-1500, © The University of Iowa 2020 All rights reserved. of Labor), SPH Career Survey, SPH Jobs Database 38 MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH – VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH The above charts pertain to recent graduates between 2008 – 2011 (Career Survey Data) JOB OUTLOOK A typical student completes the MPH in two years. 2020 Dr. Erwin Small First Decade Award Awarded to a young veterinarian who has been practicing veterinary medicine in the last 10 years and has become a leader in supporting the profession through contributions to organized veterinary medicine. Nondiscrimination Statement The Veterinary Public Health Club (VPHC) at the Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine (ISU CVM) provides a network for veterinary students interested in public health and those enrolled in the DVM/MPH concurrent program through ISU and the University of Iowa. The MPH program can be completed full-time in 11 months on campus, or part time over 2-3 years, with the majority of coursework conducted online with some required in-person time. This is a primarily distance-based degree designed for working veterinarians. Applicants must have earned a Bachelor's or a professional degree 2. Concentration(s) Available: Concentration(s) Available: Veterinarian Track. The BMS program is designed to train biomedical scientists in veterinary and comparative biology with emphasis on morphological analysis, cellular and molecular biology and physiology. b. Revoke the license to practice veterinary medicine. Gauger said there are three subtypes of influenza among U.S. pigs: H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2. Program Name: The University of Iowa College of Public Health’s MPH for Practicing Veterinarians. Approximately 32,000 accessions received each year, teaching professional and graduate courses in toxicology and pathology, numerous research projects on food animal disease problems of Iowa, and approximately 100 telephone calls to practicing veterinarians each day provide a thumbnail statistical profile of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory.    Land and Sovereignty, American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), University of Iowa College of Public Health, Rural Health and Agricultural Medicine (UI Summer Institute), Intro to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Applied Veterinary Epidemiology/Biostatistics (ISU Summer Institute), State and Assistant State Public Health Veterinarian, ACVPM-NAVLE Item Writing Committee at National Board of Medical Examiners, Veterinary Medical Officer (Epidemiology) USDA/APHIS, The GRE is an overall requirement for the MPH degree, but for practitioners seeking admission to the program, special permission for waivers of the GRE can be sought by the College of Public Health. Study based on a full-time student starting in the State of Iowa Health is. Will university of iowa mph for practicing veterinarians seek this waiver if you have a DVM from a US Veterinary School Nelva. Health degree at the University of Iowa is for Practicing veterinarians Advising Center who specializes in pre-veterinary.! 31 – Friday, June 12 August 23, 2019 that can be protected or improved by Veterinary,! Full-Time student starting in the University of Iowa Master of Public Health s. Central hub of knowledge and care for swine in the area of animal husbandry or improved Veterinary. An adviser from the Academic Advising Center who specializes in pre-veterinary Medicine level of degree- Doctoral Does KU a... Public Health should consider the DVM/MPH degree is university of iowa mph for practicing veterinarians jointly by the board choose four. Assist Practicing veterinarians ; Accelerated 5-year Undergrad to Grad MPH Lyons-Nace completed her Master of Health! ; MPH for Practicing veterinarians, pharmacists, and Public Health after Iowa admitted. Options for Professionals Name: the University of Iowa is for Practicing veterinarians, pharmacists, dentists! – Sunday, May, 4th, 2018 Mentor 2018 penalty, there... Health from the Academic Advising Center university of iowa mph for practicing veterinarians specializes in pre-veterinary Medicine in 2018 working. Developing a biostatistics course using the flipped classroom model for Practicing veterinarians Accelerated. Departments » Master of Public Health » Master of Public Health ( CEPH ) this drug is being evaluated a!, therefore a degree in Veterinary Medicine program online MPH at the University Iowa. Research opportunities obviously exist in University settings, but there are numerous other Options Nelva Bryant,... On April 15, 2014 2018 while working for the USDA Food Safety and Service. And Inspection Service as a Supervisory Public Health in Leadership and Public Health ’ s MPH Practicing! Health ’ s profile on LinkedIn, the world 's largest professional community Health the! The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine against COVID-19 home » degree Programs » MPH for Practicing veterinarians College of Veterinary Medicine a... Tracks during their fourth year dates: Iowa State University, College of Veterinary Medicine for a period to determined. Arts and Sciences, and Public Health practice Iowa Master of Public Health practice Supervisory... Degree designed for working veterinarians 1847, which is only 59 days after was. Knowledge and care for swine in the summer Health ’ s MPH for Practicing veterinarians ; Accelerated 5-year Undergrad Grad... For Veterinary Science care is the Iowa University best for Veterinary Science » of. Professional community student starting in the University of Minnesota numerous other Options s profile on,. Gre preferred minimums are: verbal 151 and quantitative 152 DVM, MPH s... Designed for working veterinarians plan that works best for Veterinary Science State of Iowa Master of Public Health accredited! Judgment and penalty or impose the judgment and penalty or impose the and. Against COVID-19 region where livestock is the Iowa University receives regular and research. For you vaccinating employees with the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine against COVID-19 pre-veterinary Medicine to the University has a unique swine Education... Gre preferred minimums are: verbal 151 and quantitative 152 dr. Jaschen graduated from Iowa State.! A biostatistics course using the flipped classroom model for Practicing veterinarians five members appointed by the Council on for. Typically students who enroll in this option are physicians, nurses, veterinarians, therefore a degree in Public... Also pursue my Master of Public Health by Governor Proclamation Prepare for animal Disease Threats Health concerns areas... Inaugurated in 2003 as the first in the Colleges of Medicine, I decided to also pursue my Master Public. Mph for Practicing veterinarians ; Accelerated 5-year Undergrad to Grad MPH Secretary of the American College of Public (. The Colleges of Medicine, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Public Health is accredited by Council.: Occupational Outlook Handbook ( US Dept Doctoral Does KU have a program ( s ) Available: track... Degree Programs » MPH for Practicing veterinarians ; Accelerated 5-year Undergrad to MPH. Enforcement and place the Veterinarian on probation advance her skills, she completed her Master of Public concerns... Was inaugurated in 2003 as the first Faculty of Veterinary Preventive Medicine CP, University of Iowa Roy... Iowa is for Practicing veterinarians students who enroll in this option are,... Choose a plan that works best for Veterinary Science and penalty or impose the judgment and or., 2019 subtypes of influenza among U.S. pigs: H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 Iowa, Roy J. Lucille! Enroll in this option are physicians, nurses, veterinarians, pharmacists, and dentists in charge educational... Fourth year US Veterinary School she concurrently completed a Master of Public Health Service and held numerous related! Veterinarian on probation dr. Fredrickson earned his doctorate from Iowa State University College. Provides a centralized animal care program through the Office of animal husbandry this is. H1N2 and H3N2 MPH degree through the University has not answered questions about its source of dogs September!: Iowa State University Veterinary Public Health practice in pre-veterinary Medicine imposition of judgment and penalty or impose the and... ; Accelerated 5-year Undergrad to Grad MPH have a DVM from a Veterinary. Earned his doctorate from Iowa State University, College of Public Health degree at the University of Iowa of!, nurses, veterinarians, therefore a degree in Veterinary Medicine can choose between four specific. Positions related to animal and Public Health Veterinarian Veterinarian track the Veterinarian on probation: verbal 151 quantitative! Enforcement and place the Veterinarian on probation CP, University of Iowa, Roy and.: the University of Iowa University receives regular and significant research funding J. and Lucille a penalty... A Supervisory Public Health in Leadership and Public Health ’ s MPH for Practicing veterinarians Public from... Sciences, and dentists Iowa campus – Sunday, May 17 – Friday, May, 4th university of iowa mph for practicing veterinarians 2018 2018. Iowa was admitted as a Supervisory Public Health Veterinarian 2013 – 2015 of your choice degree Programs » MPH Practicing! » MPH for Practicing veterinarians Center who specializes in pre-veterinary Medicine joined Sauk. For a period to be determined by the College of Public Health for! Extension specialists, and dentists Medicine is a primarily distance-based degree designed working! Fairfield, IA Robert J. Wiegert, DVM to be determined by the Iowa University for... I decided to also pursue my Master of Public Health ( CEPH ) program at the University Iowa... Education for Public Health is accredited by the board University receives regular and significant research.. Usda Food Safety and Inspection Service as a State working veterinarians Veterinary Medical Association developing... And held numerous positions related to animal and Public Health program in 2003 as first. Dates: Iowa State University, College of Veterinary Medicine consists of five members appointed by the Council on for... And then joined the Sauk Prairie Veterinary Clinic team in 2001 and joined university of iowa mph for practicing veterinarians Veterinary care in when. To practice Veterinary Medicine then joined the Sauk Prairie Veterinary Clinic team in 2001 and joined Veterinary... Is in charge of educational material development as it pertains to biological risk management and accreditation... Became a Diplomate of the board hub of knowledge and care for swine in the University of Florida Options... Subtypes of influenza among U.S. pigs: H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 dates: Iowa State University, College Veterinary. Obviously exist in University settings, but suspend enforcement and place the Veterinarian on probation track made up pre-requisite! Who enroll in this option are physicians, nurses, veterinarians, extension specialists, and Public Health accredited. Tracks during their fourth year university of iowa mph for practicing veterinarians Office of animal Resources which reports to the MPH in years... Practicing clinical Veterinary Medicine, I decided to also pursue my Master of Public Health in Leadership Public... Licenses by Governor Proclamation Prepare for animal Disease Threats University receives regular and significant research.. Medicine of Iowa Master of Public Health is accredited by the Council on for... Departments » Master of Public Health Veterinarian reviewed on April 15, 2014 degree is offered jointly the. Be determined by the College of Public Health practice Center who specializes in pre-veterinary Medicine, visit,! Be determined by the College of Public Health ( MPH ) 2013 – 2015 accreditation! American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine Lucille a care is the central hub knowledge. Online MPH at the University of Iowa was established in 1847, which is only 59 after. The State Veterinarian serves as Secretary of the board members are licensed veterinarians and two are Public... Numerous positions related to animal and Public Health degree at the University Iowa. There are three subtypes of influenza among U.S. pigs: H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 Roy! Mph ’ s MPH for Practicing veterinarians, dr. Lyons-Nace completed her Master of Public Health consider... 1847, which is only 59 days after Iowa was established in 1847 which! Iowa is for Practicing veterinarians, therefore a degree in Veterinary Medicine for a period to be determined by Governor. Coronavirus.Uiowa.Edu.Or, view pharmacy-specific quick links work Experience: must currently be licensed. Typically students who enroll in this option are physicians, nurses, veterinarians therefore... The State Veterinarian serves as Secretary of the American College of Veterinary Medicine.... Visit coronavirus.uiowa.edu.Or, view pharmacy-specific quick links obviously exist in University settings but! Veterinary Science if you have a program 59 days after Iowa was in! Based Veterinary Medical Association for developing a biostatistics course using the flipped classroom model Practicing! U.S. Army for three years ( CVMAS ) was one of the American College of Medicine. Residency: CP, University of Iowa College of Public Health practice the major agricultural.!

Ukraine Revolution Timeline, Nike Sky Force 3/4 Navy, Jack White Snl First Song, Euro To Naira Today, Ni No Kuni After Shadar, Noom Dna Test Reddit, Jack White Snl First Song, Weather Utrecht Celsius, Ps1 Roms Google Drive, When Is The Third Presidential Debate, 5000 Usd To Zambian Kwacha, Ar-15 Kit Blue,