He was also against the confession because in his opinion, everyone is able to assess properly his own actions in the light of knowledge he has from God and if he truly regrets sins committed by him he must count on God’s forgiveness without the need for absolution from the confessor. What happens when you present commercials to the wrong culture? New York: Oxford University Press Dissent, group processes and creativity. The role of individuals versus In this study, individualism vs. collectivism, in line with the work of Triandis in 1985, was assessed in two groups of male and female students, in Egypt and The people in collectives or in communities learn everything from their family, neighbors, friends and their society where they are living in. It is worth however to mention that the voices of Western intellectuals warn against the dangers of deep changes in society caused by the development of individualism. Luther believes that man does not need in religion Church’s as a mediator. The second basic — idea is autonomy according to which man can independently establish goals for his life and also independently select, leading to their completion, measures. Lukes inquires the variety of connotations the term individualism brings in relation to different spheres. The idea of ​​Bildung is popularized in the works of Friedrich Schleiermacher. Traditional institutions played and are still playing an important role in Tajik society. Also the great number of modern thinkers have developed and have defended this Kantian views in different ways. In this respect, Augustine’ work is the first in Christianity tradition the description of life in the inner manner when man who is looking for true faith. Spinoza in ethics in understands freedom of one hand as a function of knowledge, freedom is defined as the understanding of the necessity there. The first element of individualism is an idea of human dignity as a supreme moral principle. A.S. Khomiakov, 19th century Russian Orthodox theologian, is considered by Horuhzy as the first to accentuate the significance of the concept in the context of Orthodox theology, to underline its multi-sidedness and contextual capacity to embrace the cornerstone of Russian nation, yet manifested by the Slavyanofils (taking its beginning from Pushkin’s letter to Chaadaev). However, he argues that individualism is constituted by more ideas than those mentioned by Lukes. Canadian Social Science Vol.6 No.4 First we must resolve an erroneous assumption in the question. The dignity as characteristic of man is proclaimed by God. In line with comparative approach, I have added my observations of the Polish and Tajik culture. For instance, Polish Author Reykowski in his work Indywidualizm jako kategorie opisu zmian społecznych i mentalności (Collectivism and individualism as the categories of social change and the mentality) defines collectivism as the category which applies to societies where people from birth to death are integrated into strong, cohesive groups throughout his life caring for them in exchange for unconditional loyalty. For instance, the philosopher Mc. the household. It is possible to meet even now in Europe people for whom the idea of ​​individualism is still an alien idea. Karl Marx put the idea of self-development in political context. In E. Lawler (Ed. Marx, K. (1953) Capital The first Muslim community- ummah — was based on spirit of unity and mutual help. Individualism puts the individual above the group, while collectivism emphasizes the value of “we” identity over “I” identity. The present authors also underline, however, with individualistic systems you can find different forms of collectivistic activity. In general terms, the image of Eastern culture is coined with the concept of collectivism. In later antiquity the problem of individual private life concerned the soul was described as the search for God. The guiding purpose of the present article is to discuss the concepts of individualism and collectivism in comparative perspective referring to the cultural examples. Analysis: University of Michigan They led to the crisis Protestant ethic work, changing family models , the crisis of authority, etc. They are trying to be like them because they are one of them. Also you should remember, that this work was alredy submitted once by a student who originally wrote it. This characteristic indicates that the collectivistic and individualistic principle of social life is completely opposite. The Tajiks have big families and members of these families all living together. At the age of primary school children help the family, taking part in the performance of household duties, including in cases of physical hard work. We briefly review work on cultural differences among Western religious groups, using the framework of individualism and collectivism. In collectivist cultures, we cannot meet as much as in individualistic cultures the development of the idea of privacy. The purpose of this study was to examine whether these findings have … (If man does not see a man, how he become a real man?) were not enough to confuse people as different political ideologies, we now have to confront with collectivism and individualism. INTRODUCTION. Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Individualism–collectivism. Z; Jayum A& Lee Y (2010) The Epistemology of the Concept of Civil Society in the West and Iranian Interpretations. Here, society is understood as being an self existing in relation to individuals living in it and this just is the only source of value. Thereby the “Western perspec-tive” is taken as the “gold standard” (Oyserman et al., 2002). “The individual apart from the community is an abstraction”. Important feature of an individualistic conception of the world is being taken of social life, as a result of interaction between people forming their own beings. Individualism occurs as a password in the social sciences, concepts, and encyclopedias. (1997) Myth, Gender and Subjectivity, National Tsing Hua University, Hsin-chu (Taiwan) The social harmony, solidarity, obligation and responsibility, a sense of shame, in which they apply to intra-group relations are the main concepts. Marriages of these stages, man is to allay their strength and ability in the works of Schleiermacher... 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