People from the lower middle class typically worked for those in the Higher level (Victorian England Social Hierarchy). While the custom began in Europe, it spread to England and America quickly, and the intricate courtesies of how and when to leave cards was a facet of Victorian social life and etiquette. Victorian London – Violence and Assault – Garotting/Mugging. Traditions, good or bad teach us hard life lessons. To conclude, social norms dictated romantic gestures and courtship in the Victorian era stressing that certain rules should be followed in order to keep the woman’s good reputation. In the world of Old English poetry, children are rarely seen, the lower-classes are rarely mentioned and the women are marginalised. Victorian society was organized hierarchically. Although she was also an influential author of the Victorian Era, she criticized authors like Dickens and Austen on their styles of writing (Allingham). The act was meant to protect the men from contracting diseases; not the women from being harmed. During the Victorian Age, there was an early baby boom, which led to not only an increase in population, but also an advancement of industrialization. This was used as evidence to support that women should not belong in the workplace, because their families were not being properly taken care of. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. The National Archives. Victorian social norms directed the ways in which Victorian people were expected to interact with each other. Even these high numbers might be an underestimate as the poor often failed to report crimes due to a lack of faith in the police force (Emsley). The upper class saw it as a curse while the lower class found it as a way to make money. Furthermore, they trained social criticism which shaped the discovery of revolutionary liberalism. Bastardy and Baby Farming in Victorian England. It was in this Evidence of the pervasiveness of criminal activity is found in The Night Side of London (1858), written by J. Ewing Richie. Society and norms during Victorian Era The Victorian era is defined as the time in english history when queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) reigned in Britain. They tended to be more formal in their manners. Trivia: Sierra Leone’s capital was named as “Freetown”. Their marriage, especially their early relationship, would manifest a new model for domesticity and propriety in the United Kingdom. (2008). Most women worked in domestic service, either as a cook, maid, or laundress to a wealthier woman. Collective living led to collective organization, which helped to create social disorder on a larger scale” (Bloy). She came to represent femininity that was revolved around the family, motherhood, and respectability, the idea that the woman’s responsibilities were to love and respect her husband before anything, and perform all of the duties and chores for the household. Dignity: “To greet someone by saying ‘Hello, old fellow’ indicates ill-breeding. Loftus D. “The Rise of the Victorian Middle Class”. The Victorian Era spans over 60 years so we need to be careful when making sweeping statements about this time. Herself, her husband Albert, and their many children became an icon of late-19th-century middle class femininity and domesticity. Banerjee, J. The responsibilities of upper-class and aristocratic women were limited because of the common opinion that they were weak. The religious conviction is withdrawn because of the Darwinian controversial theory of evolution. In the play, Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible” many themes are shown. The progression of England as a society led to a greater demand for labor from both adults and children. Women had no choice but to stay pure until marriage, usually not even being allowed to speak to a man unless there was a married woman chaperoning. • 1838: crowned Queen when eighteen years old• succeeded William IV• but until birth of first daughter in 1840 Ernest August I of Hannover was king 4. Technologically, this era saw a staggering amount … Social Issues in Victorian England. Their wages would pay these other women, called Baby Farmers, to raise their children. According to Webster’s dictionary, power is “the ability or right to control people or things.” Also, according to Webster’s dictionary authority is “the power to give orders or make decisions.” And lastly, Webster’s dictionary tells us that respect is “a feeling of admiring someone or something that is good.” These themes are shown to be very effective in the story because most males demand power, authority and respect. Social class and values in the Victorian Era 1. Men, women and children were supposed to follow exacting social norms, or they would quickly find themselves ostracized. The system functioned well until industrialization and urbanization led to a greater need for different kinds of paid fosterage. Growing up in a hectic and interesting environment herself, Mary Ann Evans (who’s pen names was George Elliot) used her stories to study how environments, especially social environments, affect people and their character. Western Civilization: Revolution and The Enlightenment Endnotes. In patrilineal societies, dowry received from marrying off daughters was also a traditional means for fathers to accumulate additional wealth. Diniejko, A. Though married men were very promiscuous, married women weren't as sexually active. Queen Victoria’s popularity with the public increased when she married Prince Consort Albert. and Albert Museum. Victorian Child Labor and the Conditions They Worked In. THE VICTORIAN ERAvalues and social class system 2. Included in this social code was the marriage between a man and a woman, as well as the idea of marrying within a particular social class.… The Importance of Being Earnest is set in the late Victorian Era during a social reform. The Novels of Thomas Hardy: An Introduction. Garroting became a common point of conversation, poems were written from the perspective of the garroter, and spiked collars were designed and marketed to protect the wearer (Dictionary of Victorian London). The Victorian Era is highly known for its strict social code and the sense of strong morality, yet not all members of British society followed the strict social code. D. “The Rise of the Victorian Middle Class”. The Novels of Thomas Hardy: An Introduction. People were definitely more reserved and class conscious in the Victorian era. The progression of England as a society led to a greater demand for labor from both adults and children. The murderer was suspected of leaving chalk messages and sending letters, and while these actions were never confirmed, they made for dramatic reading. Metropolitan Act 1839., C. (2014). As the poor women could not afford to support their children, most chose to work as servants and lived in their employers’ homes without their children. As the poor women could not afford to support their children, most chose to work as servants and lived in their employers’ homes without their children. For example, they were given the authority to arrest nuisance boys and street musicians (British Library Board), board vessels, enter gaming establishments, patrol fairs, and perform search and seizures (National Archives). Societal Norms In The Victorian Era 1472 Words6 Pages Throughout Bram Stoker 's time in the Victorian Era, societal norms were prevalent in terms of the seclusion of women 's rights, as well as the religious revival of Catholicism. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. Others, such as Abel Magwitch in Dickens’ Great Expectations, were transported to Australia to serve their prison sentence. By 1700, the Western civilization had already experienced an exceptional transformation in terms of revolution and enlightenment., J. This idea was popularized by authors such as Charles Dickens, and is best evidenced in Oliver Twist, where the likes of Fagin and his boys live in squalor and spend their time robbing wealthy gentlemen. When I speak of the social norms and conventions of the 19th century, it must first be stated what these norms and conventions actually entail. Throughout Bram Stoker 's time in the Victorian Era, societal norms were prevalent in terms of the seclusion of women 's rights, as well as the religious revival of Catholicism. “The industrial revolution put new pressures on society, leading to violence. Some children were even forced to take on the role of a railroad worker due to the invention of The Railway brought by the Industrial Revolution (Find out more about industrialization in England at The Impact of the Railway on Victorian England). In the Victorian Era, etiquette lubricated the mechanism of social exchange: There were rules for making new friends, keeping up with old friends and even cutting out morally dubious friends. The novel takes place at a transformative and transitional moment in British society, as the strict social manners, class hierarchy, and codes of behavior typical of the Victorian period give way to the greater freedom and liberality of modernity in the 20th century. Citing figures from the Ghana fertility survey of 1983, the authors concluded that about 60 percent of women in the country preferred to have large families of five or more children. Child labor became an overarching issue in the early 1800s due to a lack of effort to improve working conditions by the upper class. Most women worked in domestic service, either as a cook, maid, or laundress to a wealthier woman. Victorians: Commerce Overseas trade and an extensive commercial infrastructure made Britain in the 19th century the most powerful trading nation in the world. In terms of prominent time periods,"The Victorian Age is in fact above all others an age of religious revival" (Arnstein 149). Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. George Elliot was a third author who used literature not simply just to entertain, but also to inform people of the conditions of people in the society around her. Women in the Victorian Era (2009). As a result, the Bastardy Clause was enacted to issue “relief” for illegitimate children; however it enhanced the illegitimacy of children. The concept of gentleman was not only a social stage or class designation it was always about respect and honor along with style possessed by the individual. The law forced women and their children, without fathers, to enter workhouses that granted them a horrible reputation. In religion, the Victorians experienced a great age of doubt, the first that called into question institutional Christianity on such a large scale. Bronte's Jane Eyre was published in 1847, Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbevilles in 1891, and Wilde's The Importance of being Earnest in 1895--all under the Victorian Era umbrella. George Eliot, 1857-1876: A Biographical Introduction. Homosociality Rather than women working alongside the men in family businesses, the 19th century saw an increase in men commuting away to their places of work, leaving the women home all day to oversee the household. These women were distinguished from the upper class by having less education and fewer opportunities. Looking at social class through a Robert Louis Stevenson's novel published in the Victorian era, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde shows how social class has build an strong idea in the way characters act and think. In the 19th century, more specifically in the Victorian era social norms were something every person must try to live up to, … Traditions are good, they bring about positive change, keep us grounded and help us grow. That common set of assumptions, I shall argue, was derived par excellence from their interpretation of and admiration for the culture and institutions of the late-Victorian and Edwardian organised working-class. After a woman married, her rights and property ceased to remain her own. Elizabeth took this problem into her hands, even with the Pope plotting against her, she wisely went down the middle road making Protestantism the main religion of England. Other Victorians — clergy belonging to the Church of England, army officers, members of Parliament — were recognized as gentlemen by virtue of their occupations, while members of numerous other eminently respectable professions — engineers, for example — were not.“Victorian England Social Hierarchy” He's breaking about 50 courtship etiquette rules. These were occasions where women could prove their homemaking skills and good taste, and to serve as symbols to others about their social status. (1837-1901) Victorian Era. THE CONCEPT OF VICTORIAN GENTLEMEN The Victorian Era spans over 60 years so we need to be careful when making sweeping statements about this time. Stories. Hardy was also considered a social critic of sorts, identifying the low standards of living that the poor endured in the industrial cities. The invention and use of steam power became huge in the Industrial Revolution, the creation of the Steam Engine did a lot to push manufacturing forward. Unfortunately, many workers resorted to the use of drugs like opium and alcohol to cope with their hardships (Thomas). Social class and values in the Victorian Era 1. Beaven, B. As seen in Victorian literature, from the 1830s to the 1870s, Britain underwent changes that transformed the lives of its people: 1. To keep the Catholics happy, she kept some things including Bishops, Cathedrals, Crosses and so on, she did however bring back the changes that were made during Edward’s reign like the bible in English, simpler churches and allowing priests to marry. While race, religion, region, and occupation were all meaningful aspects of identity and status, the main organizing principles of … T. “Early and Mid Victorian Attitudes towards Prostitution”. Victorian ladies should consider the introduction of one acquaintance to another a matter of serious responsibility. also referred to as the Bourgeoisie, and consisted of those who had skilled jobs to support themselves and their families. olation, bible study, and forced silence (Emsley). Victorian Era Jekyll and Hyde. Many parents, especially those of the lower class, were unable to support and account for their children due to poverty and unstable marriages., M. (2001). Punishments ranged from imprisonment or flogging to capital punishment, and the introduction of psychiatry to the judicial system led to experimental treatments such as isolation, bible study, and forced silence (Emsley). George Eliot, 1857-1876: A Biographical Introduction. Other women were employed as barmaids, waitresses, chambermaids, and washerwomen. Women were treated as delicate, though frail, and children were expected to learn from their parents and superiors. However, while the need for a police force was evident, it wasn’t until 1829, when Robert Peele sponsored the Metropolitan Police Act, that the beginnings of a resolution were reached. Many different social classes found it degrading or a blessing. Follow the link below to watch a short video that shows how Victorian newspapers reported death penalties and sensationalized crimes.Crime
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