The Veda is the source of the other five sets of scriptures, why, even of the secular and the materialistic. In fact, Hindus regard the Vedas to be authorless, or not of man. The Vedas were written down thousands of years ago, but it is believed that they contain knowledge and wisdom that originated even long before then, passed down orally. It is the oldest book in any Indo-European language and contains the earliest form of all Sanskrit mantras that date back to … Scholars, however, usually consider the Rig-Veda the oldest of all Hindu writings. The Vedas are the sacred scriptures of Hinduism. The four Vedas are compositions of different text in their physical form. Each of the Vedas has four major text types: The oldest of the four Vedas is the Rig Veda , which means ‘Knowledge of the Hymns of Praise’.It is also regarded as the most important Veda, and has contributed greatly to the other three sets of texts. Not much is known about the authors of the Vedas, as the focus is placed on the ideas found in Vedic tradition rather than those who originated the ideas. Together, they form the Chatur Veda. Some of the hymns in the Vedas may be 5000-6000 years old, or even older. Upanishads are a sub-category of a Veda and the last section of any Veda. The following is an overview of the four Vedas. The Vedas are the eternal truths revealed by God to the great ancient Rishis of India. They were composed thousands of years ago, by several seers. The Vedas are four in number – the Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda. The Vedas are huge religious texts and contain thousands of hymns. The Rig-Veda. through different developmental stages. The Upanishads was written in the last part of this period, during 700 to 400 B.C.E. Some Hindus say that there was originally only one Veda, the Yajur, which was later divided into four. The primary Veda is the Rigveda, and all of them agree with each other in form, language, and content, except the Atharvaveda. The words of Rig Veda put to music, and are to be sung rather than to just be read or recited. The Rig Veda: The Book of Mantra The Rig Veda is a collection of inspired songs or hymns and is a main source of information on the Rig Vedic civilization. Very little is known about the writers of the texts. Each of the hymns contained in Vedas is long and is composed of several verses. Hindus believe that the Vedas are eternal and vibrate eternally in the higher realms of the world of Brahman. Rig Veda – Knowledge of the Hymns of Praise . See more. The Vedas was composed over the period of 1200 to 400 B.C.E. The most important and, according to scholars, oldest of the Vedas. The Vedas were transmitted orally during the course of numerous subsequent generations before finally being archived in written form. 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