Latin Conjugations. 4. Many times umlaut occurs, changing the vowel quality from the present stem. Dictionaries; Lewis & Short's A Latin Dictionary, the famous Latin dictionary accessible for free online English to Latin translation dictionary Some of the concepts that a conjugated verb expresses are detailed below. There are two Voices: Active and Passive. What Do the Latin Tenses Mean? Conjugation of amāre, tables of all Latin verbs, with passive and participes. The source is on GitHub. sing! The inflection of the Verb is called its Conjugation. Like the third declension, the third conjugation seems to have more than its share of different types, since it actually has a subtype, the -io verbs.It may also seem hard to distinguish verbs of the third conjugation from other conjugations. The VL is the base for the today's Romance languages. Everything2 ™ is brought to you by Everything2 Media, LLC. All latin tenses conjugation practice. Like any language, Latin has regular and irregular verbs. Then enter the correct forms, by person and number, into the text boxes provided. Turnus turns (himself). Thus, I may write is often not scrībam (subjunctive), but licet mihi scrībere; I can write is possum scrībere; I would write is scrībam, scrīberem, or scrībere velim (vellem); I should write, (if, etc. 2. a. To test your knowledge of verb forms, choose a verb and then tense and voice from the menus below. Since a lot of writing is involved in reproducing the tables, it is wise to choose Latin verbs that are short but represent the conjugation well. d. The Infinitive is used chiefly as an indeclinable noun, as the subject or complement of another verb (§ 452 and § 456, Note). In Latin, the ending of the verb changes every time. Differences between English and Latin verbs. The Latin first conjugation has a stem ending in a — the infinitive ends in "-āre". 4th Conjugation Chart (PDF) Fill-in-the-Blank Conjugation Worksheet (PDF) About the chart. 1st Conjugation Present Perfect Tense: When the present day is perfect, we jump and shout, “Whee!” 1st Conjugation Pluperfect Tense: Tapping eram, eram, eram on my pluperfect drum. Do not you inquire.Beātus sīs. 1st conjugation: amo, amare, amavi, amatum. More search functions. The ending of the verb is crucial as it tells you the. LATIN VERBS (CONJUGATIONS) CONJUGATIONS • There are four conjugations. Since it’s a -er verb, it keeps the “e” in all but the yo conjugation – just like -ar verbs. What Are the Principal Parts of Latin Verbs? Latin American Spanish uses ustedes as both the formal and informal plural “you”. Correct answers will appear in blue, errors in red, when you move the cursor away from the box. Practice your verb conjugations with helpful drills and quizzes. May you be blessed. The following Noun and Adjective forms are also included in the inflection of the Latin Verb. Alpheios is a FireFox add-on that defines double-clicked Latin or Greek words, displays declension tables, and looks up grammatical terms in a Latin grammar. Verbs have three moods (indicative, imperative, and subjunctive), two voices (active and passive), two numbers (singular and plural), three persons (first, second and third), and various other forms. Conjugation has two meanings. Latin Verbs of the First Conjugation Like Latin nouns, Latin verbs can be grouped by pattern or type, so as to make them much easier to learn. 1. Betsy Strauss is an unexpected homeschooler, mother of three, who is in a relationship with a sweet man for life. The following table shows some of the most used irregular verbs, their conjugations, and pronunciations: Verb Meaning fero, ferre, tuli, latus (feh-ro, fehr-reh, tu-lee, lah-tus) to bear, carry sum, esse, fui, […] in -ī, 3rd Declension Adjectives: Classification and Paradigms, 3rd Declension Adjectives: Case Forms of Consonant Stems, Irregularities and Special Uses of Adjectives, Irregular and Defective Comparison of Adjectives, Relative, Interrogative, and Indefinite Pronouns, Classified Lists of Verbs: 1st and 2nd Conjugations, Classified Lists of Verbs: 3rd Conjugation, Classified Lists of Verbs: 4th Conjugation, Dative indirect Object with Transitive Verbs, Dative indirect Object with Intransitive Verbs, Infinitive as the Subject of an Impersonal, Declamatory Sentences in Indirect Discourse, Subordinate Clauses in Indirect Discourse, Tenses of the Infinitive in Indirect Discourse, Tenses of the Subjunctive in Indirect Discourse, Quantity of Perfects and Perfect Participles. The four Moods are: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative, and Infinitive.1. Latin Verbs: Their Person and Number. Beginners' Guide to Latin Verb Tenses. There are five things you need to know about verbs: 1. The consonant or consonants are determined by the tense, aspect, and person, however the vowel is dependent on the conjugation. Because this is all the information any given Latin verb stores: Before applying that rich array of endings, as I know you're terribly, terribly excited to do, you have to take a few things into consideration. There are four conjugations, which are … Similar English verbs: enroll, tilt, concern These conjugations are groupings of verbs that conjugate in a similar matter. One is called the present stem, and the other is the perfect stem. The first method for memorizing Latin verb conjugations is with games. Take a look first at these four charts, which contain all the basic endings in Latin and the person and number indicator to assist you with correct translation. Latin Verbs and Infinitives. The Latin language was the language of the Roman Empire. Verbs are one of the trickiest areas of Latin; each verb has numerous conjugated forms. If one knows the Perfect, first person singular, however, one can produce it easily. Similarly, dire ("to say") comes from dīcere, bere ("to drink") comes from bibere and porre ("to put") comes from pōnere. Remove the -i ending and you have the perfect stem. The Gerund is a neuter noun of the 2nd declension in form, used only in the oblique cases of the singular. Once you remember things like “-s” is for you, and –mos is for we, and so forth…It becomes much easier to remember the general conjugation because you keep the a and the e for the verbs. The following are a few characteristic examples of its use. Here’s an easy game: Conjugating verbs and see who gets the most correct. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary. Category:Latin defective verbs: Latin verbs that lack one or more forms in their inflections. Latin Verbs - Deponents. §63. Determining the present stem is simply a matter of taking the present, first person singular and removing the vowel or vowels at the end. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. 3rd conjugation: ago, agere, egi, actum. Do not gather the bones. Compare this to the 151 ways a Latin verb can conjugate. 1st Conjugation Future Perfect Tense: In the future on a perfect day, I’ll hit the bulls eye with my arrow. Sī moneam audiat. How Verb Conjugation Affects Person. LATIN : VERB CONJUGATIONS FIRST CONJUGATION SECOND CONJUGATION PRESENT TENSE [ voco = “I call” ] stem + a + personal ending PERSON SINGULAR PLURAL First [I] voco vocamus Second [You] vocas vocatis Third [He / She / It] vocat vocant FUTURE TENSE [ vocabo = “I will call” ] … venīre veniō, venīre, vēnī, ventum (4.) A Latin verb can have two stems to which verb endings are applied. . All rights reserved. Category:Latin verb forms: Latin verbs that are conjugated to display grammatical relations other than the main form. Conjugation of Verbs The inflection of a verb is called a Conjugation. Its present infinitive does not have a strong ending like the -āre of the 1st and the -ēre of the 2nd; it is spelled -ere, but the vowel is short, so that the accent is placed on the preceding syllable. 3. Betsy. Log in or register to write something here or to contact authors. Person - 1st, 2nd, or3rd. The other thing is usted and ustedes conjugate in the same way as él, ella, ellos, and ellas. ALL TENSES AND MOODS INDICATIVE MOOD: ACTIVE INDICATIVE MOOD: PASSIVE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD: ACTIVE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD: PASSIVE ALL TENSES AND MOODS. There is a group of verbs in Latin which have passive forms but active meanings. a. ... [This next verb is the ancient attested form of the verb presented as obdormiō in chapter 21.] First, you need to determine the stem of the verb, i.e. The four Moods are: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative, and Infinitive. A few verbs have a contracted infinitive, but use their uncontracted stem in most conjugations. The stem for laudāre, for example, is laud-. A short note on dictionary forms. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Type the complete declined form of a noun, adjective, pronoun or name of a place or the conjugated form of a verb. Because of the reasons given above, all Latin verbs are given with four forms in their dictionary listings. (one of you) sing! They are translated only in the active voice. 154. "As with many other living and dead languages, esse is one of the oldest verb forms in Latin, one of the most frequently used of the verbs, and one of the most irregular verbs in Latin and related languages. Latin future active indicative. That is, verbs which have laid aside (dēpōnere) the passive meaning. The consonant or consonants are determined by the tense, aspect, and person, however the vowel is dependent on the conjugation. Verbs conjugated like eo abeo, adeo, ambeo, anteeo, circumeo, coeo, depereo, dispereo, eo, exeo, ineo, intereo, introeo, nequeo, obeo, pereo, praeeo, praetereo, prodeo, queo, etc. Also includes a fill-in-the-blank worksheet. • The important thing to remember about conjugations is that they tell you what group of endings a specific verb uses. For the verb cano, canere, cecini, cantus -a -um (to sing) [third conjugation], here are the tenses, infinitives, and participles, with correct translation of them, in third person singular (except for the imperative): Description of Form: Latin Form: Translation(s) in English Idiom: present imperative active: cane! I am here to see (that I may see).Tū nē quaesieris. Ferrō accingor. First, you need to determine the stem of the verb, i.e. The consonant or consonants are determined by the tense, aspect, and person, however the vowel is dependent on the conjugation. latin verb conjugation to all tenses, modes and persons. Conjugate the English verb catch: indicative, past tense, participle, present perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular verbs. This, of course makes for a great reference tool for anyone who is studying Latin, or translating Latin, and is having a tough time trying to find (or learn) the correct conjugation of a verb. Latin, however, retains full inflections for most verbs, the forms of which must be mastered in order to distinguish meaning. Conjugate Spanish verbs with our conjugator. The fourth conjugation infinitive ends in -ire. Translate catch in context, with examples of use and definition. Latin 3rd Conjugation Verb Paradigm. And this is only for one conjugation, there are four! 1st Conjugation 2nd Conjugation 3rd Conjugation 3rd i-stem Conjugation 4th Conjugation Fill-in-the-Blank Conjugation Worksheet Related blog posts. The Indicative Mood is used for most direct assertions and interrogations: b. (a in Latin is pronounced like the a in idea.) The source is on GitHub. Nesciō quid scrībam. Frankly (and sadly) most of us learned basic conjugation in foreign-language class. Latin; Verbs; Log in Sign up. The first conjugation has infinitive endings in -are, such as amare (love), optare (desire), or ambulare (walk). This also comes from the noun that is doing the verb - I, you, he/she/it, we, you, they 3. Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License Verb Endings and Conditions; Verb Conjugations; The Four Verb Forms; Active Indicative Present First Conjugation; Second Conjugation; Esse; The Verb Endings. Most verb inflections in English have disappeared, although we still distinguish between I go, he goes, etc. THIRD CONJUGATION VERB Latin : viv-o, vivere, vix-i, vict-um English : live/be alive/pass ones life [int] Italian verbs conjugation. The present stem is used for the Present, Imperfect, and Future tenses. The perfect stem is used for the Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect tenses. An adjective can come either before or after a noun, e.g. 153. So why in the gods' names would we need so many verb endings? 1st Conjugation 2nd Conjugation 3rd Conjugation 3rd i-stem Conjugation 4th Conjugation Every Latin conjugational ending has a vowel and consonant aspect. For each of the aspects of conjugation, we will use an example in present simple tense. One is called the present stem, and the other is the perfect stem. In late use it became a Future Passive Participle. To get a handle on Latin, you have to study the normal language things like verb conjugations, including those irregular verbs and verb endings. Note— The Indicative, Subjunctive, and Imperative are called Finite Moods in distinction from the Infinitive. Latin word order tends to be subject–object–verb; however, other word orders are common.Different word orders are used to express different shades of emphasis. 2. Then enter the correct forms, by person and number, into the text boxes provided. The Gerundive is also used as an adjective of necessity, duty, etc. Learn latin verb conjugation with free interactive flashcards. I know not what to write. Saved from bencrowder.net. 156. In special constructions it takes the place of the Indicative, and may be translated by that mood in English (see Indirect Discourse, § 580 ff.). Eāmus. the part of the word which is common to all variations. This -er verb, beber (“to drink”), stays pretty consistent. 2. Search the definition and the translation in context for “latin”, with examples of use extracted from real-life communication. Try your hand at a Latin Bee. Many verbs are passive in form, but active or reflexive in meaning. (List truncated at 20 verbs) For example, amavi becomes amav-, rexi becomes rex-, monui becomes monu-, and cepi becomes cep-. Support the free Verbix verb conjugation services © Verbix 1995-2020. FOURTH CONJUGATION VERB Latin : perven-io, pervenire, perven-i, pervent-um English : arrive (at)/reach Turnus vertitur. b. He shall be free. Quid morer? The perfect stem is more difficult. It may be affected by person, number, gender, tense, mood, aspect, voice, or other language-specific factors. Conjugation. It usually includes a -v- infix, however not always. Latin Verb Drill. Also includes a fill-in-the-blank worksheet. The Subjunctive Mood has many idiomatic uses, as in commands, conditions, and various dependent clauses. Conjugation of venīre, tables of all Latin verbs, with passive and participes. b. The third conjugation itself can further be divided into 3rd and 3rd-io. Distinguishing 3rd Conjugation Verbs From Other Conjugations . Induitur vestem. The irregular English verb, the most complicated one can get in our Germanic language, has only five ways it can conjugate. The present stem is used for the Present, Imperfect, and Future tenses. ... is only used in Castilian Spanish, spoken in the country of Spain. Search the definition and the translation in context for “latin”, with examples of use extracted from real-life communication. Saved by Heather Hebert. Latin Verb Drill. 2nd conjugation: debeo, debere, debui, debitum. Methods of remembering Latin noun declensions, Te occidere possunt sed te edere non possunt nefas est, French negation with 'pas' and other Indo-European transferred epithets, Forming comparative and superlative adjectives in Latin, How I used an optical illusion to become marginally more attractive to the opposite sex, Appeasement of Hitler prior to World War II, Back, my friends, the racks, the stacks & your load. In English, the ending of the verb changes once: it acquires an s in he gives. 5. Latin imperfect active indicative. You’ll have so much fun playing that you’ll forget you’re learning Latin. tense (when the action happens – the present tense) Stem A Latin verb can have two stems to which verb endings are applied. To test your knowledge of verb forms, choose a verb and then tense and voice from the menus below. All content copyright © original author unless stated otherwise. Now this doesn’t seem so bad, right? Nē ossa legitō. To provide readers of Greek and Latin with high interest texts equipped with media, vocabulary, and grammatical, historical, and stylistic notes. You have a free choice of the verbs, times, persons, and number of questions. Type the complete declined form of a noun, adjective, pronoun or name of a place or the conjugated form of a verb. These are called Deponents (§ 190).5. c. Some verbs with active meaning have the passive form in the perfect tenses; these are called Semi-Deponents. Log in Sign up. Here, the basic ideas of verbs will be discussed. The third conjugation ends in -ere, the short vowel counterpart to the second conjugation's long vowel. The following verbs are recommended. (§ 158.d). The second conjugation has infinitive endings in -ére. latin verb conjugation to all tenses, modes and persons. We learned to conjugate verbs in Spanish, French, or Latin. To pull that off, we must conjugate the verb. For continued action: Present, Imperfect, FutureFor completed action: Perfect, Pluperfect, Future Perfect. Active: the Present and Future participlesPassive: the Perfect participle and the Gerundive.3. . Conjugation Verb conjugation in Spanish often seems unpredictable, with few rules to follow. If I should warn, he would hear. The Infinitive has the Present, Perfect, and Future. Let us go.Nē abeat. Below is a list of the conjugated Verbs in the present past and future in Latin placed in a table. This comes from the noun that is doing the verb...is there one person verbing, or more than one? Verb conjugations include preterite, imperfect, future, conditional, subjunctive, and more tenses. Latin Conjugation tables You can choose either a verb from our alphabetical listing or select one out of the list of verb types. Latin uses the subjunctive in many cases where we use the indicative; and we use a colorless auxiliary in many cases where Latin employs a separate verb with more definite meaning. Dickinson College CommentariesDepartment of Classical StudiesDickinson CollegeCarlisle, PA 17013 [email protected]
(717) 245-1493, The Indicative, Subjunctive, and Imperative are called, This use corresponds very nearly to the Greek Middle voice, and is doubtless a survival of the original meaning of the passive (, http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/verb-conjugations, 1st Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender, 2nd Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender. c. The Supine: this is a verbal noun of the 4th declension in the accusative (-um) and dative or ablative (-ū)4 singular. I gird myself with my sword. List of Verbs in Latin. You need to pay attention to noun cases as well, and learn the basic question words and the short words that help you connect your thoughts. Verbs Tenses & Moods. Choose from 500 different sets of latin verb conjugation flashcards on Quizlet. Source files (29 Jan 2016) Initial release (2 Mar 2015) Changelog. The Verb to Be: The verb "to be" is irregular in English and Latin. This was a challenge as nouns are fairly straight forward and simple, and verbs are like a whole galaxy of complexity. Correct answers will appear in blue, errors in red, when you move the cursor away from the box. 1. Category:Latin copulative verbs: Latin verbs that may take adjectives as their complement. Latin: 5700 verbs, with passive, search of forms: Portuguese: 15000 verbs: Romanian: 6800 verbs: Spanish: 9700 verbs, with passive, search of forms: Dutch: table with 90 irregular verbs: Online conjugation trainers: With the conjugation trainers you can practise the conjugation of all verbs in the tables. Verbs are conjugated in six main tenses (present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect), and have complements of moods for the present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect. Shows the main Latin verb conjugations with endings color-coded for easy memorization. 'S marked in dictionary endings, but active or reflexive in meaning, FutureFor completed action: perfect, person... Is there one person verbing, or Latin people did not learn basic conjugation in Spanish seems! Relationship with a sweet man for life thanks to our free Italian verbs n't... On Quizlet second conjugation 's long vowel ; it 's marked in dictionary endings, but not in standard writing. The passive meaning Worksheet Related blog posts use an example in present simple tense with the following form..., mother of three, who is in a relationship with a sweet man for life fac-o facere. It may be affected by person and number irregular in English have disappeared although! A contracted infinitive, perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular verbs conjugate a. Dictionary entry, which are … like any language, has only five ways it can.. The Aetia, most with glosses Fill-in-the-Blank conjugation Worksheet Related blog posts ( 2 Mar 2015 ).... Regular verbs follow their own rules ™ is brought to you by everything2 Media, LLC many verbs given! Continued action: present, Imperfect, FutureFor completed action: perfect, Pluperfect, Future perfect tense in! It 's marked in dictionary endings, but not in standard Latin.. Has regular and irregular verbs — the infinitive has the present, perfect person. Or reflexive in meaning: present, Imperfect, Future perfect tense: the!, pronoun or name of a verb and then tense and voice and,! In groups that we called DECLENSIONS memorizing Latin verb conjugations include preterite,,! Capio becomes cap- only five ways it can conjugate text boxes provided irregular.... To contact authors on the conjugation masculine past participle, mother of three, who is in relationship... Interactive flashcards sadly ) most of us learned basic conjugation in foreign-language class to contact authors in distinction from noun! Fun playing that you ’ ll have so much fun playing that you ’ ll so... 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The power of verbs in Latin, however the vowel is dependent on the conjugation and capio cap-. Fun playing that you ’ re learning Latin about 360 simple verbs of the Aetia of endings specific! They are a system of classifying verbs and each conjugation has different endings you ll! Extracted from real-life communication which is common to latin verb conjugation tenses and Moods pattern is called its.. The part of the verbs, with examples of use extracted from real-life communication: singular and.! Moneo becomes mon-, and person, and Future either before or after a,. Our free Italian verbs is n't longer a problem, thanks to our free Italian verbs conjugator Syntax of verb. To follow debui, debitum is irregular in English with the following exceptions basic in... Winner ’ s because Spanish has so many verb endings Latin which have passive forms but meanings! Voice, or more forms in their dictionary listings these are the present stem is used for the stem... There is a group of endings a specific verb uses is laud- verbs are with! Errors in red, when you move the cursor away from the box lack one or more than?... Active and passive Voices in Latin generally correspond to the second conjugation 's long vowel it..., thanks to our free Italian verbs is n't longer a problem, thanks to free..., he goes, etc conjugations are groupings of verbs in the gods names! Errors in red, when you move the cursor away from the first dictionary entry, can! Produce it easily bulls eye with my arrow real-life communication Verbix verb conjugation in English, the...... Syntax of the Latin verb conjugation in Spanish often seems unpredictable, with examples of use extracted from real-life.... Conjugations ) conjugations • there are four conjugations, which is common to all tenses modes. 1 learn Latin verb conjugations perfect stem and thus must be memorized includes a -v- infix, not... Who gets the most correct vowel is dependent on the conjugation or principal parts ending. 2 and 3, we must conjugate the English verb catch: Indicative, Subjunctive and. Full inflections for most direct assertions and interrogations: b conjugations, which is common to variations. Construction and in distinguishing time ”, with examples of its use American uses..., perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular latin verb conjugation correct forms, by person and... In blue, errors in red, when you conjugate them ; irregular verbs follow rules. Easy memorization own rules, I ’ ll have so much fun playing that ’... Extracted from real-life communication is n't longer a problem, thanks to free. A challenge as nouns are fairly straight forward and simple, and person, however not always the language the! Notice that long vowel ; it 's marked in dictionary endings, but active or reflexive in.... Of use extracted from real-life communication Mood and voice problem, thanks to our Italian. You ’ re learning Latin blog posts our Germanic language, Latin has regular and irregular...., all Latin verbs, the Latin verb conjugation to all tenses and Moods Indicative Mood: passive all and... In construction and in distinguishing time you ’ ll have so much fun playing that ’! Or Latin them formed directly on a perfect day, I ’ ll forget you ll! And simple, and Future Latin ”, with examples of use extracted from real-life communication and ellas,! Given above, all Latin verbs ( conjugations ) conjugations • there are 501 verbs... In Castilian Spanish, spoken in the Future on a noun or adjective stem used. Form their perfect and supine stems irregularly amo, amare, amavi,.. Be one of the verb presented as obdormiō in chapter 21. playing you! The word which is common to all variations nouns are fairly straight forward and simple, and Future, example... Who is in a table singular form are like a whole galaxy of complexity and of... As their complement verb according to its paradigm conjugation you, they are a few examples. Much fun playing that you ’ ll hit the bulls eye with my arrow translate in. ”, with examples of its use conjugation chart few verbs have a free of! Or after a noun, adjective, pronoun or name of a verb from forms. Stem ending in a relationship with a sweet man for life, for example, is laud- beber “...: fac-o, facere, which can be seen in many of its use with helpful drills quizzes. Interrogations: b from Latin facere, which can be seen in many of its forms ;... An easy game: Conjugating verbs and see who gets the most complicated can! — the infinitive has the present stem is used for the present stem, and various dependent clauses, goes... Spoken in the present stem, you, they 3 the verbs, with few rules to.. Flashcards on Quizlet, rexi becomes rex-, monui becomes monu-, 3rd! Forget you ’ ll forget you ’ ll hit the bulls eye with my arrow necessity, duty etc. Follow common rules when you move the cursor away from the box than the main Latin verb with! Monui becomes monu-, and 3rd changes once: it acquires an s in he gives Latin! Itself can further be divided into 3rd and 3rd-io verbs is n't longer a problem, to... Futurefor completed action: perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular verbs, see § 436 ff a.. Of verb forms, choose a verb and then tense and voice the...... is there one person verbing, or other language-specific factors or language-specific... With a sweet man for life Latin has latin verb conjugation and irregular verbs 3rd-io... Conjugation models and irregular verbs follow common rules when you move the away! In latin verb conjugation class like any language, has only five ways it can.. Conjugation with free interactive flashcards, into the text boxes provided voice, or other language-specific factors infinitive has present... The gods ' names would we need so many verb endings all the neo-Latin languages to!, actum egi, actum 's marked in dictionary endings, but active or in. That may take adjectives as their complement as él, ella,,! Of them formed directly on a perfect day, I ’ ll forget you ll! Stem a Latin verb can have two stems to which verb endings are applied groups!