From spirituality point of view... as per sacred Bhagavad Gita Hinduism is polytheistic. Jews and Muslims would surely say that Hinduism is polytheistic—for them, worship of anything that is … Favorite Answer "Mono Theism" is a ver clever "Construction" to hide/suppress the "Truth". Hinduism's theology is all about a singular Godhead that is transcendental the the the material creation. The hymns of the Riga Veda demonstrate the gradual transition from polytheism to monotheism in the Vedic society . Is the religion monotheistic or polytheistic? Each Hindu follows a particular sect and thus have different ways to pray to Brahman. The Christian concept of the “trinity” conceptualizes the One God in a similar way, dividing Him into three different manifestations which each act within different capacities, but nonetheless share the same divine nature. Learning Targets • I will be able to: • explain and give two examples of polytheism describe briefly the emergence of monotheism. 5. Who founded the religion? The Demigods (devas) are here in the the material creation along with us. But Hinduism is unique, at least in the scope of my own knowledge about religion, in the way it presents its "monotheistic" and "polytheistic" facets. So it got me thinking. Hinduism is a religion that defies definite classification, and in practice, it has both monotheistic and polytheistic components. According to Hinduism, a Christian is included in this in the manner that Christ is a Christian's path to the Ultimate Reality. 1. One who finds self incapable of indulging in spirituality unable to follow teachings […] Brahma is the creator aspect of the supreme being, Shiva is the destroyer and Vishnu is the preserver. 3c Hindu Scriptures and Pantheon - Is Hinduism monotheistic or polytheistic? Songs are sung and festivals are celebrated just like any Temple. It was started at around 15 th century by Guru Nanak Dev. The Advaita Vedanta doctrine of Hinduism was … By. Monotheism means that a religion worships a single god or deity. When did Hinduism begin? Exactly, monotheism simply means the acknowledgment of one god. It depends on how the practitioner of the religion understands it. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. Hence, Hinduism is monotheistic, At the most henotheistic but not polytheistic as there is only one God and the others are Brahman's manifestations. 9 years ago. Justin Aptaker (author) from United States on April 16, 2012: Wow! Sikhism is a relatively young religion. The essence of Hinduism is the concept of Brahman, the one infinite reality which forms the ground of all existence. You don't. One enfolds the other. 3. I mean Islam and Christianity are monotheistic. Some are monotheistic, some are polytheistic, some are agnostic, and some are atheist. The result has been a multitude of religious sects, each with its own rituals and customs, which share a unity of spirit. The term “Hinduism” embraces a wide array of philosophies and practices, and while certain Hindus may think and worship in an essentially monotheistic way, the practices of others may be more readily labeled polytheistic or pantheistic. In this sense, and in others, the practice and beliefs of many Hindus can be described as pantheistic. Panentheism posits that, while God is within all things, He/She/It simultaneously transcends all these various forms. Übersetzung im Kontext von „polytheistic“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Depending on the stream of Hinduism to which one ascribes, one may be pantheistic, polytheistic, monistic ("all is one"), monotheistic, or a number of other options. Is Buddhism Monotheistic, Polytheistic, or Nontheistic? Each seemingly separate god is, therefore, a different manifestation or quality of the One God.While this concept may seem alien to many westerners, it is not without a western analogy. Who was the first of the 10 Gurus of Sikhism. Second, if Hinduism is not monotheistic, the general implication is that Hinduism must be polytheistic, meaning heathen, pagan, primitive, superstitious and idolatrous. Hinduism is both monotheistic and polytheistic! It is a religion that long long ago, before any other religion had appeared in this world, had discovered that there is only ONE GOD. Second, if Hinduism is not monotheistic, the general implication is that Hinduism must be polytheistic, meaning heathen, pagan, primitive, superstitious and idolatrous. Hindu texts.5 Despite the growing interest in non-Christian religions, scholarly focus remained upon texts and exegesis.6 The growing interest and respect for Hinduism and Judaism, however, seemed to challenge the primacy of Christianity. One important line of thought in Hinduism (popularized by the philosopher Shankara), called radical non-dualism or “Advaita Vedanta”, is a monistic philosophy. Hinduism as a collective culture of many philosophies is henotheist-panentheistic-polytheistic from viewpoint of relative reality. So they are technically a monotheistic religion. Monotheistic or Polytheistic. In fact, it is the conception of God given by the Christian New Testament. Supporting a view of Hinduism as a polytheistic religion is the great pantheon of Hindu gods. Lv 7. Hinduism is monotheistic, Vishnu (preserver), Shiva (destroyer), and Brahma (creator) are actually manifestations of the same god. Hinduism is incredibly diverse and complex. Is Hinduism really a polytheistic religion or is in fact an amalgam of monotheistic religions? One enfolds the other. (Learned that in hindu school when i was younger). Ephesians 1:23 refers to Christ as he “who fills everything in every way”, and 1 Corinthians 15:28 states that even Christ “will be made subject to Him (God) who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all”. Hinduismhas the characteristics of both; meaning that it can no longer be classified as just a polytheisticreligion because there are many monotheistictraits as well. Nirmal Singh - March 14, 2019. But how many gods are there?”Sage: “Three.”This line of questioning continues until the sage finally replies that there is one god. Different traditions of Hinduism have different theistic views, and these views have been described by scholars as polytheism, monotheism, henotheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, agnostic, humanism, atheism or Nontheism. The actual numbers are almost unknowable, as there are those, like Ganesh, whose following is more widespread, to local deities whose names may only be known to a small few who live in that particular area. Under the conventional definitions of monotheism and polytheism, HINDUISM IS POLYTHEISTIC. You have done a good job of presenting an objective view of this subject. This one God is also known as the Absolute or Brahman. The Vedas speak of the one Ultimate Reality, Braham; the Paramatma or the Supreme Soul who is nameless and without any form. To put the matter plainly, trinitarianism is tritheism that claims to be monotheistic. - Duration: 7:30. khanpadawan 7,370 views. I have been trying to put across an article based on a 'Baul' folk song, and on the Krishna theme- translating it as best as I could, and as an introduction grappling with the words that would give some shadowy idea of one minor path in Hindu theology, that of the Bhakti Marg. The merging of polytheistic and monotheistic concepts in this way is unique to Hinduism. Polytheism means that a religion includes multiple deities. Pantheism applies more within Nature-worshiping traditions. A polytheistic religion, on the other hand, is a religion that believes in the existence of many gods or deities. You can choose the philosophy you think suits your personality and world view the best and call yourself hindu. With over a billion adherents, many claim that the religion is monotheistic and helmed by the supreme being, Brahma. Hindu texts and practices suggest the simultaneous existence of polytheism and what seems to be monotheism, but some Hindus find it insulting to be called polytheists. From there, however, it gets more complicated, as many Hindus see the various aspects of Brahma manifest in hundreds (potentially thousands) of other deities. And with such diversity comes a great deal of beauty which this author hopes you will explore and appreciate. Hinduism is a religion that defies definite classification, and in practice, it has both monotheistic and polytheistic components. Brahm in Question 3 0 out of 5 points The real focus of the Bhagavad Gita is _____, or devotion to one's god. The opposite of a polytheistic religion is a monotheistic religion; a religion where the followers believe in only one god. Owen's idea of pantheism, I believe, does not apply to Hinduism, since the "one Being" of the Hindus is not ONLY or identical with the many forms/appearances of manifestation, but ALSO beyond or more than the forms of manifestation. Songs are sung and festivals are celebrated just like any Temple. So if one thing is clear from this brief introduction to the Hindu conception of the divine, it should be that there is no simple formula or label to affix to said conception. A God that says they're the only God and telling you to kill other people who believe another God is very incompatible with the view Hinduism brings. Describing God, Romans 8:36 says that “from him and through him and to him are all things”. How is hinduism monotheistic or polytheistic Hinduism has a variety of views on Hindu single god, which hold diverse views on the concept of God. However, by the definition of polytheism, Hindu appears polytheistic because there are legions of Gods and Goddesses that describe aspects of Brahma's nature. According to H.P. I'm very happy to hear that you enjoyed my writing so much. The latter is a special case of polytheism, the belief in many Gods (e.g., Hinduism). Hinduism is all into one. It should be noted at the outset, however, that this is chiefly a western difficulty: the Indian mind is much more inclined to regard divergent views as complementary rather than competing. Perhaps this is why the religion doesn't go for missionary zeal and lets follows drift in and out. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? Thus, although God is as close (immanent) as our own thoughts, God is also distinct enough from our own selves and the material universe so as to allow for us to have a relationship with Him/Her/It (as one can not really have a relationship with oneself). (Poly = many.) I have often heard Hinduism described as a polytheistic religion. An important Hindu scripture, the Bradaranyaka Upanisad (or “Upanishad”), contains the following conversation--edited here for brevity--between a student and sage:Student: “How many Gods are there?”Sage: “Three and three hundred, and three and three thousand.”Student: “Yes, of course. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. He is called Brahman…” (taken from Upanisads: A new translation by Patrick Olivelle)The conception of God and gods in the Upanishads is that the many different “gods” are in fact just the One God. Correct Answer: bhak ti Question 4 0 out of 5 points The main hero of the classical Hindu epics is_____, a prince who is an avatar of _____. So, Hinduism isn't quite a polytheistic concept, yet not particularly monotheistic. Hinduism cannot be exclusively categorized as either monotheistic or polytheistic, as some Hindus consider themselves to be monotheists and others consider themselves to be polytheists. What are the deities? But really, how many gods are there?”Sage: “Thirty-three.”Student: “But really, how many gods are there?”Sage: “Six.”Student: “Yes, of course. I have to share it. Major proponents of the monotheistic nature of Hinduism point to the fundamental trinity of Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu as three aspects of a single entity, similar to the Christian trinity of God, Jesus and the Holy Ghost. As such, it bears striking similarities to other monistic philosophies, such as that of the Greek philosopher Parmenides. Development of Judaism. One may also ask, is Hinduism monotheistic or polytheistic essay? It is a DIFFERENTIATED reality always. Hinduism denies being exclusively either monotheistic or polytheistic, sometimes believing to be monotheistic but declining to polytheism with many Hindu schools regarding it as henotheistic. In Hinduism a believer of religion indulging in rituals considers Hindu religion to be polytheistic. The only way was to vote it as awesome, and that is nothing. In Hinduism a believer of religion indulging in rituals considers Hindu religion to be polytheistic. This paradox can be traced to the history of Hinduism. Thus, there are different things/beings/qualities, but they are all different aspects of the one Brahman.What does monism have to do with pantheism? Every god had his or her own place. Hinduism is a decidedly theistic religion; the difficulty lies in determining whether it is a polytheistic, pantheistic, or perhaps even monotheistic religion. It is a collection of philosophies and religions. Is Hinduism Pantheistic, Panentheistic, Polytheistic, monotheistic or henotheistic? 7:30. According to Hillary Rodrigues, most Hindus perceive “different divine beings, each with distinctive names, abodes, characteristics, and spheres of influence” and so it is “oversimplification to subsume all the diversity of Hindu polytheism under [a] . Trinitarians vigorously deny that trinitarianism is tritheism, yet the two are inherently similar, as we will see. Guru Nanak Dev started this new religion as a response to his dissatisfaction with Hinduism. To equate it to whole of Dharma would be incorrect and an argument that should be defeated. The threat was met through the application of evolutionary theory to religion. (Introducing Hinduism, p214). they believe many Gods. Some of us worship Shiva, others Vishnu, some Krishna and others Durga or Kali etc, etc. Hinduism is polytheistic religion and the oldest religion in India and Nepal. The Gods have 33 (Siva Visnu) etc. And there is one Hindu school that is more explicitly monistic than others: Advaita Vedanta or just Advaita. Hinduism Monotheistic or Polytheistic? It seems more reasonable to state and argue that Hinduism is polytheistic. Hinduism has monotheistic (one God) as well as polytheistic (many Gods) elements: the one Ultimate Reality or Supreme Being (Brahman) also exists simultaneously in the deities of the Creator (Brahma), the Sustainer (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). It is pantheistic. It should be noted at the outset, however, that this is chiefly a western difficulty: the Indian mind is much more inclined to regard divergent views as complementary rather than competing. Poly Theism is • The belief in many Gods • Two Examples of PolyTheism are: • • Hinduism Shintoism 4. Wonderfully clear writing on a challenging topic. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? PANTHEISM defines immanent and transcendence as not just the personal (differentiated), but also the impersonal (undifferentiated) reality. So both 'monotheistic' and 'polytheistic' are inappropriate to describe Hinduism. Because it is not. Any such conceptions fall under the category of Saguna Brahman (Brahman with qualities), and are generated by Maya.There is also a philosophy of “qualified non-dualism” within Hinduism, which posits that although Brahman is One, it is meaningless to speak of a Brahman without qualities or attributes. in psychology and a minor in religious studies. Hinduism has the characteristics of both; meaning that it can no longer be classified as just a polytheistic religion because there are many monotheistic traits as well. Is Hinduism really a polytheistic religion or is in fact an amalgam of monotheistic religions? Whereas a traveler of spiritual path, follower of teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be monotheistic. Every Hindu has the right to decide which embodiment of God to give preference to, at which point in time. Brahman is the unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in this Universe. Hinduism is NOT in any way shape or form polytheistic, that is an ignorant misunderstanding and application of a shallow western lens. Monotheistic isn't somehow superior to Polytheistic. Any conception we have of Brahman, such as “God”, or any quality that we apply to it, such as “being” or “consciousness” can not be a conception of Absolute Brahman, as this is inconceivable. H.P. This page will discuss elements of monotheism, polytheism, monism, pantheism, and panentheism within the Hindu tradition. For them, their respective Gods are most important, just like in any other Temple. A religion of many gods, demi-gods and goddesses. The gods they worship bring them to the One Source, or the Ultimate Reality to finish their reincarnations. Therefore, Hinduism is both monotheistic and polytheistic. I've often wondered this one myself. One of the most well known and widespread polytheistic religions is Hinduism. A monotheistic faith is Islam, which follows the teachings of a single deity, Allah. This view also implies the superiority of monotheism over different formulations of the sacred that may have their own value. Hinduism, as the religion assimilated many of their customs and practices. Although, in theory, all the Hindu gods are actually the same God, in practice, perhaps most Hindus are polytheists. Both are compatible with Hindu texts, and the right way of practicing Hinduism is subject to continued debate, with many Hindu schools regarding it as a henotheistic religion. You're inspiring me to write on how Zen is panentheist. And yes, fosters one personal seeking of enlightenment through a variety of paths. Is Judaism monotheistic or polytheistic? This view also implies the superiority of monotheism over different formulations of the sacred that may have their own value. Panentheism is certainly not unique to Hinduism. Relevance. So the New Testament seems to teach a sort of panentheism. What makes Hindusim different from other religions is that it allows for both to be true, with neither choice being in conflict with the other. Christianity is a monotheistic religion. So you can say that Hinduism is polytheistic, monotheistic, or monistic. In the end, the question of "monotheistic or polytheistic" is somewhat unimportant. But do we, really? Answer Save. A bit further on in the conversation, the student asks, “Who is the one God?” The sage replies, “Breath. Answer #11 | 11/12 2014 00:44 It can be any of them. . So they worship the personal forms of Brahman in different ways. Hinduism is both monotheistic and polytheistic. Devotion to these deities is based primarily on one 's region and needs, even when devotion is given to only one or more, the existence of the others is known. Even though Hinduism is mistakenly regarded by many as a religion having many gods namely, polytheism, yet truly speaking Hinduism is a monotheistic religion. How do I argue that Hinduism is monotheistic? Monotheistic is the belief in a single, worshippable creator God. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Is Hinduism Monotheistic or Polytheistic. Different Hinduism traditions have different monotheistic views, and these views are described by scholars as polytheism, monotheism, henwthism, pantheism, pantheism, monism, agnostic, humanism, atheism or non-godliness. Thus, all things, including the individual Self (Atman) are Brahman, and the only reason we perceive there to be many things is because of ignorance (Maya), which ultimately, is also Brahman. It would be better described as monotheistic, but I don't like to use that term because that term is usually used for the western religions, which view god and the creation as separate entities. This becomes the basis of all later Hindu tradition. Show more answers (5) First of all those who believe the concept of god in hinduism is polytheistic don't have a very good knowledge about Hinduism. The gods they worship bring them to the One Source, or the Ultimate Reality to finish their reincarnations. There is no simple answer to the question of whether Hinduism is monotheistic, polytheistic, pantheistic, or something else entirely. Well written and discussed, japtaker. Whereas a traveler of spiritual path, follower of teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be monotheistic. God is within everything and everyone, closer than our own heartbeats or the air we breathe. Polytheistic is the belief in multiple Gods. Monotheism is one of the beliefs within the framework of Dharma. Over the course of time, Hinduism’s resilient nature has enabled it to bend with the course of history, while, at the same time, not become overwhelmed by it. The merging of polytheistic and monotheistic concepts in this way is unique to Hinduism. 7 Answers. 2. fiercepam-ga rated this answer: and gave an additional tip of: $4.50 thank … Moreover, Hinduism is pluralistic only in the sense that it makes an impossible claim - that somehow the Gods of all religions are the same God (depending on individual interpretation). Thank you. An example of a polytheistic faith is Hinduism, which has multiple different gods with different roles. . It is impossible to unambiguously answer the question about the nature of religion: the direction shows signs of both polytheistic and monotheistic religion that honors the Hinduism Brahman. Also, Christianity does not seem to fit within Panentheism as much as Hinduism does, since Christianity does not have a conception of impersonal truth, but that of a personal relationship between us and Thee, in which God is a person that "sits" everywhere. There is no simple answer to the question of whether Hinduism is monotheistic, polytheistic, pantheistic, or something else entirely. Hinduism names hundreds of gods, … Mohammedanism, Muhammadanism, Muslimism, Islam, Islamism - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion" Therefore, Hinduismis both monotheisticand polytheistic. But Hinduism is unique, at least in the scope of my own knowledge about religion, in the way it presents its "monotheistic" and "polytheistic" facets. Polytheism and Monotheism. The individual Hindu may revere one god, a few, or many, or none at all. It is based on how the follower practices their religion. Over time, Hinduism has evolved from a polytheistic religion to one that is widely monistic. Monotheism is the belief in a single creator God and the lack of belief in any other Creator. Whereas, in Hinduism, there is that too, but also the transcendence of the personal, i.e., there is an UNDIFFERENTIATED reality in which there is no distinction between God, I, and the world of appearances (manifestation), and that would be, Moksha - Self-realization or God-realization. There is no specific time for when Hinduism began because of how ancient this religion is. God Almighty is addressed as Brahman, Sanatana Purusha, Parmatman, Karta, Ishwar, Bhagwan and Prabhu in Hinduism! With over a billion adherents, many claim that the religion is monotheistic and helmed by the supreme being, Brahma. 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