The Muslim traveler and explorer Ibn Battuta traveled in Russia in 14th century. Norwegians, Danes and Swedes each descended from separate Viking groups. The plundered convents and monasteries, something that even the Mongol hordes and Tamerlane didn't do. The word Rus is found in Arabic, Byzantine, Frankish, Persian and Russian sources. They have no fields but simply live on what they get from the Slav's lands. They harry the Slavs, using ships to reach them; they carry them off as slaves and sell them. The Vikings traded furs, amber, honey, beeswax, weapons and slaves from the north for silks and silver. For Swedes, the region of Ladoga and Novgorod remained an area of interest for a very long time. We must define the word Varangian as well.  The current trend amongst historians is to (erroneously) call every Eastern Viking a Varangian. The Ideal Kievan Rus’ Warrior – Sviatoslav of Kiev In the history of the Kievan Rus’, Sviatoslav was the first Rurikid ruler to rule over a dynasty with a Slavic name (Sviato Slav – holy Slav), indicating the speed of their assimilation into Slavic society. The Germanic tribes that became Vikings began settling in Scandinavia in the 5th and 6th century and developed a Germanic language called Norse. We print the highest quality rus viking hoodies on the internet 850 AD The first evidence of this movement eastwards into R… No, there was considerable intermarriage between the two, but there was considerable cities in Russia before Scandinavia and the Baltic were significantly ice free to be settled. Most of the goods that made their way between Europe, Russia and the Middle East followed Viking trade routes. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. Large ocean-going vessels traveled down the Neva River to Lake Ladoga, where cargo was unloaded and switched to smaller vessels better equipped for traveling the narrower inland waterways. The above photograph is of the author of this article and his fellow Slavic reenactors taking pride in their Viking heritage. They also used grinding stones and weights and balances. The journey from Kiev to the Black Sea took about six weeks. Large caches of artifacts from Viking settlements have been found on Lake Ladoga in Russia and Gotland in Sweden in the Baltic. They traveled on the inland waterways in shallow-draft boats carved by local residents from tree trunks. Eventually, the Vikings gave their name to the country that became known as Russia. It was after 840 that Scandanavian Vikings—who were known in Eastern Europe as “Varangians” or “Rus”—established Viking rule over Slavic tribes in what came to be called Kievan Rus. The new Kievan state prospered because it controlled the trade route from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea and because it had an abundant supply of furs, wax, honey, and slaves for export. Norse, or Northmen or Norseman, was the term used by medieval Europeans to describe Scandinavians. Our ancestors deserve respect for being brave enough, as well as for their many other admirable qualities. '", The Arab diplomat Ibn Fadlan wrote: "Never had I seen people of more prefect physique; they are tall as date palms, blonde and ruddy. By the time they had begun pillaging Europe in the 9th century, there were distinctive Swedish, Danish and Norwegian tribes. "They robbed, looted and killed and then went home and settled.”. In the Annals of Saint Bertin, and indeed in several other sources, they are referred to as the “Rhos” which has led historians to hypothesize a connection with their tribal home of Roslagen. He says he was so weighted down he had to be lifted on his horse. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. The Rus were also called Varangians and Varyagi. The Dnieper route began in what is now Riga on the Baltic and followed the Western Dvina River to Vitebsk for portage to Smolensk on the Dnieper. Kievan Rus' was a loose federation of East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty. Later these Vikings intermixed with local people and engaged in trading rather than raiding. From this perspective, the Rus developed a reputation that was well-known throughout Europe. They first appeared in the region in the 6th century and has some run ins with the Khazar. At that time, Rus accompanied Byzantine messengers to negotiate with the Emperor Louis the Pious. Artifact recovered Rus graves at Gnezdovo, a 10th century settlement in the forest near Smolensk, include silver Scandinavian-style pendants, Slavic style jewelry, and Arab-style bronze ornaments with scabbard clips and circular cloak fasteners. Some authors think the earliest mention comes from 911 AD, when the Kievan Rus and the Byzantine Empire made a treaty. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. The most feared of these was the Turkic Petchenegs. However, the term really comes from Old Norse væringi, literally meaning "sworn companion". The Rus Vikings are known as “Viking Rus” or “Rus’ people” who traded and raided along the river-routes between the Baltic and Black Seas between the … Viking princes became rulers in Novgorod and Kiev in 862 and 882. The Viking in Russia came as traders not conquerors. This marked the real beginning of the Varangian Guard, which lasted at least to the 13th century. Louis discerned that these bodyguards of the messengers were Scandinavians and as Vikings were currently terrorizing Frankish coasts and waterways, he considered them to be spies of the enemy. Like the word Viking, the name Rus has several possible sources. Reports for Christian sources tended to exaggerate Viking violence. According to History.com, Rus, which is … [Source: Pritt Vesilind, National Geographic, May 2000]. The norse word viking in turn is believed to have been derived from the Old Norse word, vík, which means creek, inlet, or bay (where Vikings hid before launching a raid). The scholarly consensus is that the Rus' people originated in what is currently coastal eastern Sweden around the eighth century and that their name has the same origin as Roslagen in Sweden (with the older name being Roden). ", followed by 473 people on Pinterest. Life revolved around the seasons. The Rus traveled in convoys and flotillas, often with more than more than hundred boats, and built fortified trading posts. Their ancestors, the Normans, set up settlements in France and raided coastal settlements in the Mediterranean and set up colonies in Sicily. Early Scandinavians in Russia were known as Rus to the Slavs (Rhos to the Byzantines). The Rus lived in wattle-and daub houses and hand-worked iron and bronze and made glass and amber beads. Along the way, the Rus were forces to pay tribute to Jewish Khazars and Muslim Bulgars, whose territory they passed through. Sep 20, 2017 - Explore Peter Raftos's board "Gnezdovo Finds, Kievan Rus", followed by 560 people on Pinterest. *, The Vikings were a seafaring people who hailed from settlements along the fjords of Norway, the sandy shores of Denmark and the coastal and river areas of Sweden. He traveled along the Silk Road, saw amazing places, exotic animals and unusual people, before his wandering brought him to Kievan Rus’. 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